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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Giovanni Paolo Bianchi (fl. 1617-54)

Breme, 1638 1638 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type A) | 42.5 x 60.4 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 722126

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A high oblique view/map of Breme, besieged by the Spanish, commanded by Diego Felipez de Guzmán, 1st Marquis of Leganés (1580-1655), Governor of Milan and taken on 26 March 1636. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). Oriented with north to top.

The fortress of Breme covered Cazal and Vercelle and also defended both Monferrat and Piedmont. The French sent Charles II de Créquy (1575-17 March 1638) Duke of Lesdiguieres to the aid of the fortress but, while he was reconnoitring the lie of the land with his telescope, he was noticed by a Spanish artillery man who, from the position marked with a Q, aimed his cannon in the Marshal's direction and scored a direct hit, killing him instantly at the spot shown on this print by the letter P.

  • Giovanni Paolo Bianchi (fl. 1617-54) (engraver) [bottom right:] I.P. Blanchus scap. Mediolani

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: six fold lines. Verso: surface dirt along outer fold lines. Remains of Mount Type A along left, top and bottom edges

  • 42.5 x 60.4 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    43.3 x 33.8 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    None

    Additional text:

    [right, in Spanish, in a cartouche representing a scroll, a key, A-I, K-Q, describing the siege and explaining the features on the print.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Brema 12-26 March 1638.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Brema A Plan of the Siege of Brema by the Marquis de Leganes in March 1638, by I.P. Blancus.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Breme, Lombardy, Italy (45°07ʹ39ʺN 08°37ʹ32ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3029

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