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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

William Faden (1749-1836)

Battle of Salamanca, 1812

Plan / OF THE / BATTLE of the ARAPILES, / NEAR / Salamanca; / With the previous Movements / OF THE / ARMIES from the DOURO to the TORMES published 1 Jan 1813

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured | Scale: 1:183,925 approx. | RCIN 735175

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A map of the country round Salamanca showing the movements of the Allied army before the battle, and the Battle of Salamanca, fought on 22 July 1812 between the Allied army, commanded by General Arthur Wellesley (1st Duke of Wellington; 1769-1852), and the French, commanded, first, by General Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, 1st Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852), and second, by Bertrand, comte Clausel (1772-1842) resulting in an Allied victory. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15)Peninsular War (1808-14). Oriented with north to top (compass rose).

The Battle of Salamanca was won by the British and allies but at the cost of the life of General John Gaspard le Marchant (1766-1812), the founder of the Royal Military College at High Wycombe, and a favourite of George III.

  • William Faden (1 July 1749-21 March 1836) (publisher) [top left, below title:] Published with permission of the / QUARTER MASTER GENERAL, / By W. FADEN Geographer to his Majesty & to H.R.H. the Prince Regent: / CHARING CROSS JAN. 1. 1813. / Thomson sculp.t

    [Michael] Thomson (active 1809-15) (engraver)

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: induced brown discolouration (ghosting) from another image

  • Scale: 1:183,925 approx.

    47.1 x 33.4 cm (neatline)

    8.2 x 34.0 cm (image)

    50.6 x 36.8 cm (platemark)

    54.8 x 39.4 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Plan / OF THE / BATTLE of the ARAPILES, / NEAR / Salamanca; / With the previous Movements / OF THE / ARMIES from the DOURO to the TORMES. [top left]

    Additional text:

    [right, in two panels on right side of map, a key, A-H, K-U, W-X to the positions and movements of the troops:] REFERENCE / to the / MOVEMENTS OF THE ARMIES [and, bottom right, a-i, k-q:] REFERENCE TO THE BATTLE

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Salamanca 22 July 1812.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil: a ‘b’ has been added to the 175.] (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Salamanca Plan of the Battle of Arapiles near Salamanca, gained by the Allied Army under the command of the Earl of Wellington, over the French on the 22.d of July 1812; with the previous movements of the Armies from the Douro to the Tormes: published by Faden, 1813.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Salamanca, Castille and Léon, Spain (40°58'00"N 05°39'00"W)

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