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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

Thomas Clay (active 1811-1828)

Battle of Salamanca, 1812

THE BATTLE OF SALAMANCA , July 22, 1812 published 2 Feb 1813

Aquatint with etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured. An index plate (RCIN 735177.b), or key to the view, is pasted to the left margin. The print and key are edged with paper. | 46.6 x 58.9 cm (image) | RCIN 735177.a

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A view of the Battle of Salamanca, fought on 22 July 1812 between the Allied army, commanded by General Arthur Wellesley (1st Duke of Wellington; 1769-1852), and the French, commanded, first, by General Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, 1st Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852), and second, by Bertrand, comte Clausel (1772-1842) resulting in an Allied victory. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15): Peninsular War (1808-14).

The Battle of Salamanca was won by the British army but at the cost of the life of General le Marchant (1766-1812), whose cavalry brigade can be seen on its famous charge in the right of this view. Le Marchant was the founder of the Royal Military College at High Wycombe, which had moved to Sandhurst in 1813, and a favourite of George III.

  • Thomas Clay (active 1811-1828) (publisher) [bottom centre, below edge of view:] Publish’d Feb. 2 1813, by T. Clay N.o 18, Ludgate Hill, London.

    John Augustus Atkinson (1774-1830) (artist) [bottom left, below edge of view:] Painted by J.A. Atkinson.

    George Robert Lewis (1782-1871) (engraver) [bottom right, below edge of view:] Engraved by G. Lewis.

    Edward Scriven (1775-1841) (dedicator)

  • Watermark: J WHATMAN

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 42.3 x 58.9 cm (neatline)

    46.6 x 58.9 cm (image)

    49.8 x 61.6 cm (platemark)

    53.1 x 65.0 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    THE BATTLE OF SALAMANCA , July 22, 1812. [bottom, below view, to each side of the coat of arms of the Prince Regent]


    [bottom, below title, to each side of the coat of arms of the Prince Regent:] TO His Royal Highness the Prince Regent this Plate is with His Gracious Permission / HUMBLY DEDICATED by His Royal Highness's most obliged and devoted servants, E. SCRIVEN, & T. CLAY.


    George III heading, on attached index plate, RCIN 735177.b: Battle of Salamanca 22 July 1812. / Military Port-folio N.o 3.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil:] G.3 [bottom left, black pencil:] XV-177-a (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] 15; [centre, black pencil:] 15.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Salamanca View of the Battle of Salamanca, 22.d of July 1812: by I.A. Atkinson, engraved by G. Lewis, and published by Scriven and Clay, 1813: with an Index Plate.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Salamanca, Castille and Léon, Spain (40°58'00"N 05°39'00"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Another example of this print is published in C. Kent, Estampas de la Guerra de la Independencia en la Provincia de Salamanca. Salamanca, 2010, plate 40, p.74

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