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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

Edward Orme (1775-28 September 1848)

Salamanca, 1812


Aquatint with etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured; laid down on or edged with paper | 45.6 x 57.7 cm (image) | RCIN 735178

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A view of the French army being marched into Salamanca following the battle which was fought on 22 July 1812 between the Allied army, commanded by General Arthur Wellesley (1st Duke of Wellington; 1769-1852), and the French, commanded, first, by General Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont, 1st Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852), and second, by Bertrand, comte Clausel (1772-1842) resulting in an Allied victory. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15)Peninsular War (1808-14). Proof copy.

The Battle of Salamanca was won by the British army but at the cost of the life of General le Marchant (1766-1812), whose cavalry brigade can be seen on its famous charge in the right of this view. Le Marchant was the founder of the Royal Military College at High Wycombe, which had moved to Sandhurst in 1813 and was a favourite of George III.

  • Edward Orme (1775-28 September 1848) (publisher) [bottom centre, below edge of view:] Published March 1. 1813 by Edw.d Orme. Bond S.t corner of Brook St.t London.

    Edward Wilmot (d. 1832) (artist) [bottom left, below edge of view:] Drawn on the spot by Wilmot Royal Horse Artillery

    John Heaviside Clark (c. 1771-1863) (engraver) [bottom right, below edge of view:] J.H. Clark & M. Dubourg scult.t

    Matthew Dubourg (1779-1863) (engraver)

    Prince Frederick, Duke of York & Albany, 2nd son of George III, King of the United Kingdom (1763-1827) (dedicatee)

  • Watermark: J WHATMAN

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 41.6 x 57.7 cm (neatline)

    45.6 x 57.7 cm (image)

    48.9 x 65.5 cm (platemark)

    52.7 x 68.6 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    MARCHING THE FRENCH PRISONERS INTO SALAMANCA after the BATTLE 1812. [bottom, below view, to each side of the coat of arms of the Prince Regent]


    [bottom, below title, to each side of the coat of arms of the Prince Regent:] Dedicated to Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Duke of York / BY HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS'S much obliged and obedient Servant, EDW.D ORME.

    Additional text:

    [bottom right:] PROOF.


    (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil:] XV-178- (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] 10; [bottom right, black pencil:] 31/6; [centre, black pencil:] 10

    George III catalogue entry:

    Salamanca Marching the French Prisoners into Salamanca after the Battle on the 22.d of July 1812: by Capt.n Wilmot, engraved by Clark and Dubourg and published by Orme, 1813.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Salamanca, Castille and Léon, Spain (40°58'00"N 05°39'00"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Another example of this print is published in C. Kent, Estampas de la Guerra de la Independencia en la Provincia de Salamanca. Salamanca, 2010, plate 46, p.81

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