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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

Edward Orme (1775-28 September 1848)

Santarem, 1811

A PICTURAL PLAN / of the present position of the / FRENCH ARMY / at SANTAREM in PORTUGAL March 1811 / from the British advanced post in front of Valle published 25 Mar 1811

Aquating with etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured | 24.3 x 28.8 cm (image) | RCIN 735158.b

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A view, with map, of Santarém in March 1811. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15): Peninsular War (1808-14).

This view looks north-east from Valle (Vale de Santarém 39°11'32"N 08°44'36"W) to Chamusca (39°17'56"N 08°23'57"W), showing the road and bridge over the river Majus, a tributary of the Tagus, and the French redoubt below the abbatis on the heights of Santarém. These views were published 20 days after Massena's retreat from Santarém on 5 March. The bridge or causeway seen in this view was destroyed by the French (Gurwood 1837, p.334).

  • Edward Orme (1775-28 September 1848) (publisher) [bottom right:] Published & Sold March 25 1811 by Edw.d Orme / Printseller to the King Bond Street London.

    Anonymous (draughtsman) [bottom left, below edge of view:] Drawn by an Officer of Distinction.

    [?] Clark (active 1809-13) (engraver)

    Matthew Dubourg (1779-1863) (engraver) [bottom right, below edge of view:] Clark & Dubourg sculp.t

  • Watermark: J BUDGEN 180[5]

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 20.5 x 28.8 cm (neatline)

    24.3 x 28.8 cm (image)

    25.8 x 31.8 cm (platemark)

    32.2 x 41.8 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    A PICTURAL PLAN / of the present position of the / FRENCH ARMY / at SANTAREM in PORTUGAL March 1811 / from the British advanced post in front of Valle. [bottom left]

    Additional text:

    [bottom centre, below view, in a rectangular panel, the ends of which are designed so that the whole resembles a bolster: a small-scale road map of the area around Santarem, with, along the left edge, the note:] Cartaxo L.d Wellington's Head Quarters [and along the right end:] Santarem Marshal Massena's Head Quarters [bottom right, right of map, a note of the prominent features to be seen in the view:] High ground in front of Valle occupied by the British / Causeway upon the river Major / French Redoubt distant about 1200 Yards / Abbatis formed by the Enemy on the heights of Santarem.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Santarem March 1811.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] g [or ‘9’ or ‘s’].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Santarem Two Pictural Plans of the Town and Post of Santarem in Portugal, occupied by the French under Marshal Massena in March 1811: engraved by Clark, Hamble and Dubourg, and published by Orme, 1811.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Santarém, Santarém, Portugal (39°14'00"N 08°41'00"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Lt Col. Gurwood, The Dispatches of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, K.G. during his various campaigns in India, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, the Low Countries and France, from 1799 to 1818. Compiled from official and authentic documents, Vol. 7, London, 1837

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