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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

Juan Gálvez (1774-1847)

Saragossa, 1808

AGUSTINA ARAGON c.1812-13

Aquatint with etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured | 33.1 x 17.8 cm (image) | RCIN 735139.d

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One of eighteen views of the ruins of Saragossa following the siege of 15 June to 13 August 1808. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15): Peninsular War (1808-14)

Following the Spanish declaration of war on France in June 1808 the French army, commanded by General Jean-Antoine Verdier, repeatedly stormed the city, and was repeatedly repulsed. The result was a Spanish victory, the French being compelled to lift the siege and retreat.

An approximate translation of the text reads: Augustina Aragon. Generally known by the name of the artillery woman. In the attack of the 4th of July, when the French furiously assaulted the Portillo battery, Augustina, seeing all who served in it falling dead and wounded, climbed bravely over the corpses, caught the wick from the hands of one who had just breathed his last, and, pledging not to abandon him, applies it to a [24-pounder] canon, while the place [action] lasted. This heroic action encouraged the patriots who rushed to the battery and repulsed the enemy. The heroine was decorated with a shield of honor and the insignia of an Officer.

For more information on this set, see RCIN 735139; the other views can be found at RCINs 735139.a-c, e-s.

  • Juan Gálvez (1774-1847) (artist)

    Fernando Brambila (1763-1832) (artist) [bottom left, below edge of print:] Juan Galbez [i.e. Galvez] y Fernando Brambila.

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: heavy surface dirt on both sides

  • 25.3 x 17.8 cm (neatline)

    33.1 x 17.8 cm (image)

    35.1 x 23.4 cm (platemark)

    41.5 x 30.5 cm (platemark)

  • Printed title:

    AGUSTINA ARAGON. [bottom, below print]

    Printed title:

    Ruinas de Zaragoza. [top of print]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below title; text begins:] Conocida generalmente con el nombre de La Artillera ...

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Military, Saragossa 1808 Port-folio N.o 4.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] 7/6 Nt.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Saragossa 18 Prints of the Ruins of Saragossa, the Attacks of the French in 1808, and Portraits of the principal persons concerned in its defence: by Juan Galbez and Fernando Brambila.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain (41°39'21"N 00°52'38"W)

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