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Views of naval engagements and maps of battles

Juan Gálvez (1774-1847)

Saragossa, 1808

D. MARIANO ZEREZO c.1812-13

Aquatint with etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand coloured | 32.0 x 17.8 cm (image) | RCIN 735139.a

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One of eighteen views of the ruins of Saragossa following the siege of 15 June to 13 August 1808. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15): Peninsular War (1808-14).

Following the Spanish declaration of war on France in June 1808 the French army, commanded by General Jean-Antoine Verdier, repeatedly stormed the city, and was repeatedly repulsed. The result was a Spanish victory, the French being compelled to lift the siege and retreat.

The text translates: D. Mariano Zerezo: Farmer; native of Zaragossa, and of the parish of Saint Paul. He was captain of one of the companies, popular in the same district, and governor of the castle of Aljaferia; which he valiantly defended at the first site of the many attacks of the enemy. When they entered the town, this courageous Aragonese [man of Aragon] went out in the night, armed with his sword and shield and achieved prodigious feats of valor in the streets where the danger of the fray was greatest. He died at the age of 65, a few days after the French entered Zaragossa, as a result of the hardships that he suffered at the second place.

For more information on this set, see RCIN 735139; the other views can be found at RCINs 735139.b-s.

  • Juan Gálvez (1774-1847) (artist)

    Fernando Brambila (1763-1832) (artist) [bottom left, below edge of print:] Juan Galbez [i.e. Galvez] y Fernando Brambila.

  • Watermark: None

    Condition: heavy surface dirt on both sides

  • 24.6 x 17.8 cm (neatline)

    32.0 x 17.8 cm (image)

    33.0 x 23.3 cm (platemark)

    40.5 x 29.7 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    D. MARIANO ZEREZO [bottom, below print]

    Printed title:

    Ruinas de Zaragoza. [top of print]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below title, a short account of Don Zerezo and the part he played in the siege. Text begins:] Labrador; natural de Zaragoza ...

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Military, Saragossa 1808 Port-folio N.o 4.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, black pencil:] 7/6 [NG].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Saragossa 18 Prints of the Ruins of Saragossa, the Attacks of the French in 1808, and Portraits of the principal persons concerned in its defence: by Juan Galbez and Fernando Brambila.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain (41°39'21"N 00°52'38"W)

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