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Other 17th-century conflicts

Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

View of the Battle of Aughrim, 1691, Jan Wyck RCIN 724052 ©

The few maps and views covering the 16 earliest wars in this section were acquired, in the first instance, by the Italian collector, Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588–1657) and his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606–89). After Carlo Antonio’s death in 1689, the collection was eventually sold by his grandson to Pope Clement XI (reg. 1700–21) in 1703. In 1714, it passed to the Pope’s nephew, Cardinal Alessandro Albani (1692–1779), from whom it was purchased in 1762 by George III.

These prints formed part of the celebrated ‘Paper Museum’ which was built up by the dal Pozzos from purchases made from the flourishing printmaking industry, primarily in Italy, but also in France, Germany and the Netherlands. Many of the items are rare or are early impressions from the copperplates. They document the conflicts of the day and, in the seventeenth century, were often accompanied by letterpress text giving up-to-date information about, for example, the progress of a siege.

The items were mounted on paper, sometimes with ink framing lines drawn around the print (mount type A) and sometimes without (mount type B). These two types of paper mount can be seen on the prints of the military engagements in this section.

Of the later wars, the only one to be well represented is that of the Nine Years War or War of the Grand Alliance (1688–97). This includes unique manuscript large-scale mapping of the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland (1688–91) such as the sieges of Kinsale (1690) and Limerick (1691), as well as a drawing, probably by the Dutch artist Jan van Wyck, of the Battle of Aghrim (1691). Manuscript topographical mapping of areas in Hainault, and along the Rhine, together with large-scale mapping of Namur during the siege of 1695, printed maps of the camps sites and routes of marches of the French king in the Low Countries, give a cartographic overview of the war.

Franco-Savoyard War (1600-01)

The siege of Montmelian

First Polish-Swedish War (1600-11)

Siege of Wolmar and Battle of Riga

Monferrat War of Succession (1613-30)

The sieges of Vercelli and Asti

Huguenot Rebellions or Rohan Wars (1621-8)

An extension of the French Wars of Religion of the previous century

Smolensk War (1632-4)

A view of Smolensk

Wars of the Three Kingdoms

The English Civil Wars and associated conflicts

Catalan Revolt (1640-59)

The sieges of Perpignan and Barcelona are represented

Wars of Castro

The First and Second Wars of Castro

Fifth Ottoman-Venetian War (Cretan War) (1645-69)

Also known as the Cretan War, actions represented at Rhodes and Candia

First and Second Anglo-Dutch Wars

The conflicts between the two rising mercantile powers

Russo-Polish War (1654-67)

Featuring the Battle of Chudnov

Second Northern War (1655-60)

Maps showing Demmin and Oresund

Polish-Ottoman War (1672-6)

Showing Khotyn in the Ukraine

Franco-Dutch War (1672-8)

Fighting along the Rhine and in France and the Netherlands

Scanian or Swedish-Brandenburg War (1675-9)

The sieges of Wismar and Szczecin

War of the Reunions (1683-4)

Maps of Luxembourg and Genoa

Spanish-Barbary Conflicts (1694-1784)

Mainly featuring Algiers in the 18th century