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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Claude Joseph Sauthier (1736-1802)

Battle of Alamance, 1771

PLAN of the CAMP and BATTLE / of / ALAMANCE the 16 May 1771 Between / the Provincials of N: Carolina, Commanded / By His Excellency Governor TRYON Esq.r / and Rebels who styled themselves Regulators c.1771

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:18,000 approx. | RCIN 734001

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A map of the camp and Battle of Alamance, fought on 16 May 1771 between the government North Carolina Provincial Militia, commanded by Governor William Tryon (1739-88), and the North Carolina Regulators, commanded by Herman Husband (1724-95), resulting in a government victory. War of the Regulation (c.1765-71). Oriented with west to top.

The Battle of Alamance takes its name from Great Alamance Creek near which it was fought; it was the final action in the so-called War of Regulation – a local conflict between citizens and colonial officials in North Carolina about taxation. It was fought between about 1,000 militia from Colonial North Carolina and 2,000 'Regulators'.

The geographical co-ordinates in the heading are given for the Alamance Battleground Historic Site.

  • Claude Joseph Sauthier (1736-1802) (draughtsmand and surveyor) [bottom left, bottom of title cartouche:] Survey’d and Drawn by C,J, Sauthier.

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily, the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 962

    Condition: one fold line; brown discolouration to edges. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:18,000 approx. [Distance from the camp to the battlefield is 5 miles = 440 mm].

    42.4 x 52.5 cm (neatline)

    42.8 x 53.0 cm (image)

    43.9 x 56.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of the CAMP and BATTLE / of / ALAMANCE the 16 May 1771 Between / the Provincials of N: Carolina, Commanded / By His Excellency Governor TRYON Esq.r / and Rebels who styled themselves Regulators. [bottom left, in rectangular cartouche]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, in title cartouche, a key, A-H, K-N, to the Craven, Beaufort, Orange, Carteret, New Hanover, Johnston, Dobbs, and Onslow Divisions, and the Artillery, Light Horse, Rangers, and Enemy:] REFERENCE. [Bottom centre, inside neatline:] From the Camp to the field of Battle is about 5 Miles.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment and Battle of Almanace [sic] 16 May 1771.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] XVII/20 [or 26]-a [and] XVII/[?]; [bottom right, black pencil:] XVII/26 [the ‘2’ may have been altered from a ‘4’].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Almanace A drawn Plan of the Camp and Battle of Almanace, the 16.th of May 1771, between the Provincials of North Carolina, commanded by Governor Tryon, and the Rebels: surveyed and drawn by C.J. Sauthier.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Alamance County, North Carolina, USA (36°01'30"N 79°31'10"W)

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