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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars


Battle of Culloden, 1746

PLAN of the BATTLE of CULLODEN 16 April 1746 1760 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:13,000 approx. | RCIN 730029

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A map of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King's army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal points).

This map is a much later copy of Thomas Sandby's map at RCIN 730028. There are small differences of details, such as the omission of a group of trees which is to be found on RCIN 730028. The handwriting is somewhat similar to Thomas Sandby's ‘unofficial hand’ but cannot be identified as his with any certainty. The earliest example of a ‘J Whatman’ countermark, as found on this map, apparently dates from 1760 (Balston 1957, p.159; cited in Harris et al., 2006); therefore, if this is by Thomas Sandby, or anyone else, then it must have been made in 1760 or later. The principal feature which these two maps have in common with each other, and with no other plans of the battle in this collection, is the delineation of the roads or tracks which are identical in both maps and many of which do not occur on the others.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

    After? Thomas Sandby (1721-98) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: J WHATMAN

    Mark, stamped: 509

    Condition: no fold lines; left corners creased; surface dirt, bottom right of recto. Verso: surface dirt along right edge; a pencil line is drawn along most of the left edge

  • Scale: not stated. 1:13,000 approx.

    20.2 x 46.5 cm (neatline)

    33.5 x 47.0 cm (image)

    36.8 x 51.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of the BATTLE of CULLODEN 16 April 1746 [bottom, in a rectangular panel at bottom of map]

    Additional text:

    The KING'S ARMY / Commanded by His Royal Highness the / Duke of Cumberland. [below map, three columns of manuscript text, left to right]; [followed by an enumeration of the troops and the numbers killed and wounded in the King's army]; REFERENCES to the PLAN. [explanation of the letters A-G]; Numbers of the several Clans and Bodies which / composed the Bebel [sic] Forces.


    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the Battle of Culloden, April 1746.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    T. Balston, James Whatman father & son, London, 1957

    T.F. Harris, M. Fuller, and M. Green, ‘A synoptic view of papers marked ‘Whatman’ in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century England’. Papermaking and the art of watercolour in eighteenth-century Britain: Paul Sandby and the Whatman paper mill. London, 2006

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