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Dugal Campbell (d. 1757)

Battle of Culloden, 1746

PLAN of the BATTLE of CULLODEN 16 April 1746 c.1746

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:13,650 approx. | RCIN 730026

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A map of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King’s army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal points).

This manuscript, or a copy of it, was the basis for the ‘official’ printed plan of the battle which was published in 1746 (see RCIN 730027). The regiments of both armies are named and the regimental rectangles are coloured according to the facings of the uniforms for the British army, and a mottled infill is used to represent the plaid of the rebel army.

  • Dugal Campbell (d. 1757) (draughtsman) [bottom centre, below text:] Dugal Campbell Engineer.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 508

    Condition: one fold line; trimmed; brown staining to both sides. Verso: top left, water-stained patch from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label. This item appears to have had two labels. The first was below the linen backing and a fragment remains with ‘VI’ [and then parts of two more Roman figure ones: ‘II’]. Fragments remain from a second label which was pasted to the outside of the linen

  • Scale: 1:13,650 approx. Scale bar: [134 mm =] 2000 yards.

    20.5 x 41.4 cm (neatline)

    34.2 x 41.7 cm (image)

    35.5 x 46.8 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN of the BATTLE of CULLODEN 16 April 1746. [across top of map, outside border]

    Additional text:

    The KINGS Army commanded by His / Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland [followed by an enumeration of the troops and the numbers killed and wounded in the King’s army]; REFERENCES to the PLAN [explanation of the letters A-G]; Numbers of the sev.rl Clans & Bodies / which composed ye Rebell Forces. / by their own Account. [below map, three columns of manuscript text, left to right]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, ink or black pencil, obscured by linen:] 16; [centre, red pencil, obscured by linen:] 8 [over] 19.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the Battle of Culloden, 16.th April 1746; by Dugal Campbell Eng.r.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

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