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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Battle of Culloden, 1746

Plan of the Battle of / Collodden c.1746

Ink on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:19,250 approx. | RCIN 730025

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A map of the Battle of Culloden fought on 16 April 1746 between the King's army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) and the Jacobite army, under Charles Edward Stuart (1720-88) resulting in a royal victory. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with south-west to top (compass indicator shows north-west to top).

This shows in detail the point at which the Royal army wheeled into order of battle, just south of Castle Stuart, and towards Castle Dalcross in the south-east, into order of battle; baggage horses are shown as part of the formation in the rear. The regiments of both sides are named. The division of the dragoons into twelve squadrons is shown on the left flank. Names of the rebel officers are given. The settlements of Old Yanagh, Est Urgal, Great Yanagh, Little Cantra and Contra Brough are named to the south of the battlefield, and Balivrait is indicated to the south-west. The breach in the wall of Culloden Park is shown, as are those in the walls of the Culwhiniac enclosure.

  • ? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Horn in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 507

    Condition: one fold line; trimmed. Verso: bottom, right of centre, water-stained patch and shadow from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:19,250 approx. Scale bar: [76 mm = 1200 unnamed units: yards?].

    37.9 x 45.7 cm (image)

    37.9 x 45.7 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan of the Battle of / Collodden. [top right, in a sketchy scroll]

    Additional text:

    [top right, below title, a key, A-H, K, to features on the map: the march of the British army in four columns; the march in order of battle; the dragoons formed on the left; walls of the Culwhiniac enclosure pulled down by the Argyllshire men, positions of both armies when the action began, flight of the rebels, etc.] The attribution to Schultz is made on stylistic grounds.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, ink or black pencil, obscured by linen backing:] 18; [left centre, red pencil, obscured by linen:] 21; [top, right of centre, ink or black pencil, crossed out in red pencil and obscured by linen backing:] Culloden.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden A drawn Plan of the Battle of Culloden, 16.th April 1746.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Culloden Moor (Highland Region, Scotland, UK) 57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W

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