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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Battle of Wandiwash, 1760

Plan of the Battle of Wandewash, Gain’d the 22.d of Jany: 1760, by the English, under the Command of Colonel Coote, / over the French, Commanded by Lieut=, 1760 (Vandavāsi, Tamil Nādu, India) 12°30'15"N 79°36'20"E 1760 or later

Pencil, black and red ink and watercolour on paper | Scale not stated. 1:10,000 approx. | RCIN 733001

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A map of the Battle of Wandiwash fought on 22 January 1760 between the army of the British East India Company, commanded by Colonel (later Sir), Eyre Coote (1726-83) and the French, commanded by Thomas Arthur, comte de Lally, Baron de Tollendal (1702-66), resulting in a British victory. Seven Years War (1756-63): Third Carnatic War (1757-63). Oriented with west to top. 

The key to the colouring of the troops divides both the British and the French into European infantry and cavalry, and ‘Black Troops’ on either side into ‘Seapoys’ and cavalry.

The attribution to Pleydell is made on stylistic grounds. This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732125, 732126, 733002-8, 733016.a, 733020, 733027, 733028. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown; there is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India and, in 1760, he was serving in Germany.

  • John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: JVILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 897

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: brown discolouration on right half; induced discolouration

  • Scale not stated. 1:10,000 approx.

    44.4 x 43.2 cm (neatline)

    44.4 x 70.6 cm (image)

    52.2 x 74.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan of the Battle of Wandewash, Gain’d the 22.d of Jany: 1760, by the English, under the Command of Colonel Coote, / over the French, Commanded by Lieut=General Lally. [bottom centre, below border]

    Additional text:

    [left, down left side of map in rectangular panel, the ‘References’ to the Strength of the British and French troops; a key to the symbols by which they are distinguished on the map; a key to the position of the French on the morning of the 22nd Jan.; and ‘Col:l Coote’s Relation of the Action’; right, down right side of map in rectangular panel, a continuation of Coote’s ‘Relation’.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Wandewash 22 Jan. 1760.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, right of centre, ink:] IV./70/N.o 3; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] XVI/[?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Carangoly A drawn Plan of the Fort of Carangoly, attacked by the English Army under the command of Col.l Coote, the 8.th and taken the 10.th of Dec.r 1759.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)
    Vandavāsi, Tamil Nādu, India (12°30'15"N 79°36'20"E)

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