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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

JH Schilling (active 1748)

Cumberland, William Augustus (Duke of), 1748 1748

Ink and watercolour on paper | 35.4 x 33.6 cm (image) | RCIN 730032

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An allegorical design in praise of the Duke of Cumberland. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6).

Schilling drew this design while in cantonment in Asten (51°24'15"N 05°44'55"E), about 46 km or 28.5 miles south-east of Bois-le-Duc ('s-Hertogenbosch 51°41'57"N 05°18'15"E).

  • JH Schilling (active 1748) (draughtsman) [bottom right, outside neatline:] Fait en Quartier de Cantonnement Asten dans la Maÿereÿ Bois le Duc / le 2=Septembr: 1748. par J H Schilling / Lieutenant au Regiment de Klinckowström / de sa Majest: le Roi de la Grand Bretagne et Electeur = / d’Hannovre.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ below [no letters visible]

    Mark, stamped: 51

    Condition: no fold lines; slight surface dirt; induced discolouration on verso

  • 33.6 x 29.9 cm (neatline)

    35.4 x 33.6 cm (image)

    41.5 x 36.1 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    No title

    Additional text:

    [a triumphal arch, enveloped, top, in a sunburst, carries several inscriptions. From the top left:] La force / supreme / des Dieux / S'arme / pour la / bonne Cau /se; [a cherub perches on a lintel, right, holding a scroll on which is written:] Neptune / Vous est / favorable. [Bottom centre, a seraph, trumpet in left hand, holds with the other a note of the Duke of Cumberland's birth date, wrongly given, even in Old Style, as 6 April 1721. Below the seraph, a seated female figure holds an open book on which is written;] S.A.R. / le Duc / de / Cumberl / remporte / une Victoi / re memo / rable et / jamais / à / Culo / den. [Bottom left of the arch, an urn carries the inscription:] Trophée / des Ennemis. [On the plinth is an address to the Duke:] Tes Actions et Tes / Vertus O Prince! / seront gravée dans / la pierre et le / Marbre. [To the right of the plinth, a standing female figure with cornucopia in right arm and olive branch in left hand, with, to her left, leaning against the arch, a table on which is written:] Les Peu = / ples fidelles / de Londres. / randent / par leurs / allegresse un / hommage / dü au / Vainqueur. [The base of the arch is surrounded by the artefacts of war and French trophies, including right, a cockerel (symbol of France) straining to escape its chains. A soldier lying prone, a sword in right hand, with, to his right, an inscription:] Ta ne parvien = / dras pas à / les injustes / Desirs. [The whole is framed by a larger arch, in the supporting columns of which are hung representations of Louisbourg, Culloden, a naval victory in Brittany, and Cape Breton. Overlooking the whole design is the Eye of Providence, or the all-seeing eye of God.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: An Allegorical Design; containing in the Margin small Views of the Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746, - the French attempt on Louisbourg, the descent of the English Fleet in Bretagne, and the conquest of Cape Breton.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Culloden An Allegorical Design; containing in the Margin small Views of the Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746, - the French attempt on Louisbourg, the descent of the English Fleet in Bretagne, and the conquest of Cape Breton: by Lieut. J.H. Schilling, 1748.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Culloden [Scotland]

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