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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Edward Cotsford (active 1759-70)

Manila, 1762

Plan of Manilla / Capital of the Philippines. / taken by Storm October 6.th 1762 by the / English Army under the Command of / Brigadier General Draper with the / united Efforts of the English Squadron / Commanded by Rear Admiral... c.1762

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper; pricking through | Scale: 1:4,354 approx. | RCIN 733066.b

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A plan of Manila showing the attacks of the British combined forces on 6 October 1762. Seven Years War (1756-63)Anglo-Spanish War (1761-63). Oriented with north-east to top (cardinal points). 

The successful British combined operations attack on the Spanish stonghold of Manila on 6 October 1762 was commanded by Brigadier-General William Draper (1721-87) and Rear-Admiral Samuel Cornish (c.1715-70). The Spanish opponents were commanded by Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra (1708-64; Governor-General of the Philippines) and Simón de Anda y Salazar (1701-76). The action was fought during the Anglo-Spanish War (1761-3) which was, in turn, a part of the Seven Years War. The city was returned to the Spanish after the Treaty of Paris (1763).

The fire from the ships' guns is shown reaching the Royal Bastion of St Diego which, together with the fire from a battery of eight guns, breached the Bastion on 3 October.

  • Edward Cotsford (active 1759-70) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside neatline, signed:] Edward Cotsford.

    William Stevenson (d. 1765) (draughtsman) [bottom left, inside neatline, signed:] W.m Stevenson Chief Eng:r

  • Watermark: The letters PvL (all in one)

    Mark, stamped: 958

    Condition: two fold lines, Verso: surface dirt; ink smudges; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:4,354 approx. Scale bar: 600 yards [126 mm =].

    51.0 x 53.1 cm (neatline)

    52.3 x 54.4 cm (image)

    56.6 x 61.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan of Manilla / Capital of the Philippines. / taken by Storm October 6.th 1762 by the / English Army under the Command of / Brigadier General Draper with the / united Efforts of the English Squadron / Commanded by Rear Admiral Cornish. [top centre, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top, left and right of title panel, also in rectangular panels, a key, 1-29, and a-i, k-u, to the principal buildings, particularly religious buildings, bastions, batteries.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Manilla 6 Oct. 1762.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, right of centre, red pencil, partly legible:] 6[?]/2[?]; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil:] XVII/ [?]-1; [bottom, right of centre, above old heading, black pencil:] Manilla 6 Oct. 1762; [top, right of centre, red pencil:] 1762.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Manilla A drawn Plan of Manilla capital of the Philippines taken by Storm 6.th Oct.r 1762, by the English Army under the command of General Draper, with the united efforts of the English Squadron commanded by Admiral Cornish: by W.m Stevenson chief Eng.r and Edward Cotsford.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Manila, National Capital Region, Phillipines (14°36'15"N 120°58'55"E)

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