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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Daniel Paterson (d. 1749)

Map of Fochabers, 1746 (Fochabers, Moray District, Scotland) 57°36'49"N 03°05'44"W c.1746

Pencil, pen, ink and grey wash on paper | Scale: 1:27,100 approx. | RCIN 730013

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A map of encampment of Royal troops (King's army), after having crossed the River Spey, 12 April 1746. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6). Oriented with west to top (compass rose).

Cumberland's army travelled from Cullen to Fochabers, a distance of about 16 km, in one day. This map names the Cullen, Keith and Elgin Roads, shown on their old courses. The position of the Rebels' barracks is indicated and the layout of Cumberland's army's campsite, together with the routes of their subsequent march west towards Elgin, are shown. Two fords are shown across the Spey; the northernmost of these is shown on the later Military Survey of Scotland (1747-55) in a different configuration. The river, which was a formidable obstacle, was only fordable, after the winter, from April onwards. This appears to be the only map to show the position of the rebels whose failure to contest the crossing enabled Cumberland to proceed without hindrance.

  • Daniel Paterson (d. 1749) (surveyor and draughtsman) [top left, below title, in title panel:] By Daniel Paterson.

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 495

    Condition: one fold line; creased, top left corner; brown stains. Verso: top left, water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: 1:27,100 approx. Scale bar: [27 mm =] 800 yards.

    19.7 x 40.3 cm (neatline)

    20.1 x 40.6 cm (image)

    26.3 x 44.7 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    Plan of the / Encampment of / The Royal Army after / Crossing the Spey. Aprile 12th. 1746. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment on the River Spey 12 April 1746.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil, cropped:] [?10]; [centre, red pencil:] 13.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment A drawn Plan of the Encampment of the Royal Army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland, after crossing the Spey at Spey Mouth, 12.th April 1746: by Lieut. D.l Paterson Eng.r [The same entry appears under the heading Spey]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fochabers (Moray District, Scotland) 57°36'49"N 03°05'44"W

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