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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Order of battle at Culloden, 1746 c.1746

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | 34.8 x 28.0 cm (image) | RCIN 730018

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An order of battle and order of march of the royalist army of George II, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) on the way to Culloden Moor on 16 April 1746. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6).

This shows the same details, with one exception, and repeats the note, as RCIN 730017. The exception is the omission of the squadron of Kingston's Horse to each side of the third line. The army is placed in three lines of six, five and three regiments, with a group of three squadrons to each side of the front. The Duke's name does not appear. Two pieces of field artillery are shown between each of the battalions on the first line; two groups of three mortars are shown in the second line, one between Ligonier's and Wolf's and the other between Fleming's and Bligh's.

The colouring of the regimental rectangles is the reverse of convention: the thickened line and colour of the facings of the uniform which usually indicate the front of the formation is here placed facing backwards. The attribution to Schultz is made on stylistic grounds.

  • ? George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Horn in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 500

    Condition: one fold line; one crease line; trimmed; small tear to left margin

  • 34.8 x 28.0 cm (image)

    38.8 x 30.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title. [Order of Battle at Culloden; with, below:] Order of Marches.

    Additional text:

    NB Howards Regiment not mentioned, or Wolf's to be moved upon the Flanks, / as the Situation may require. [bottom centre, a note reads]


    George III heading: Order of Battle at Culloden 16 April 1746.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Order of Battle Order of Battle of His Majesty’s Army under the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden, April 1746: with the Order of March. MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    ​Culloden Moor, Highland Region, Scotland, UK (57°28'00"N 04°05'00"W)

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