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William Eyres (d. 1764)

Order of battle at Prestonpans, 1745

A Plan of the Battle at Preston-Pans 1745 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | 36.5 x 41.6 cm (image and neatline) | RCIN 729153

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An order of battle of the British and Jacobite armies at Prestonpans, 21 September 1745. Jacobite Rebellion (1745-6).

The ‘plan’ is not a conventional topographical map; it comprises only the order of battle for each army. The Rebel army is shown as one long, thin continuous rectangle which has been filled with a selection of motley colours to represent the plaid. The regiments of both armies are named.

  • William Eyres (d. 1764) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside border:] Will: Eyres Engin:r

  • Watermark: Countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 482

    Condition: two fold lines; small tear, bottom right; bottom left corner cut off. Verso: bottom, brown spotting; top left, water-stained patch and slight ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • 36.5 x 41.6 cm (image and neatline)

    37.5 x 43.4 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A Plan of the Battle at Preston-Pans [top]

    Additional text:

    Explanation. [down right side of map, in rectangular panel, a key, A-H, K-L, to the positions of the two armies and their component parts, together with the measurements of the squadrons and battalions, and a note on the marching order of the Highlanders]

    Inset:

    [bottom, below plan:] Order of Battle intended, but not executed for want of Gunners.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Plan and Order of the Battle at Preston Pans 21 Sept.r 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 4; [centre, red pencil:] 5.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Preston Pans. A drawn Plan of the Battle at Preston Pans 21.st Sept.r 1745, with the intended Order of Battle of the King's Troops under Sir John Cope by W.m Eyres Eng.r [The same entry appears under the heading Order of Battle.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Prestonpans, East Lothian, Scotland, UK (55°57'33"N 02°58'49"W)

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