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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Tiagur, 1761

Tiagur, Surrender’d March 13.th, 1761 c.1761-5

Pencil, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:7,100 approx. | RCIN 733028

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A map of Tiagur, taken by the British, commanded by Major Preston, on 13 March 1761. Seven Years War (1756-63): Third Carnatic War (1757-63). Oriented with south-east to top. 

This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732125, 732126, 733001-8, 733016.a, 733020, 733027. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown. There is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India; he served in Germany during the Seven Years War.

Also known as Theagur or Teagar Pettah, and also spelled Tyāgadurgam, ‘Tyāga Durgam’ is referred to in Francis 2002, vol. 1, as a small fortified hill standing at the intersection of main routes making it of great strategic importance. Between 1757 and 1780 it was besieged five times and regularly changed hands between the English, French, and the Mysore ruler.

  • ? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 923

    Condition: one fold line; brown discolouration at edges. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:7,100 approx. Scale bar: 300 Toises [82 mm =].

    28.6 x 35.2 cm (neatline)

    28.6 x 48.2 cm (image)

    33.4 x 50.9 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Tiagur, Surrender’d March 13.th, 1761. [bottom centre, below map, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [left, down left side of map in plain rectangular panel, a key, A-C, and a brief history of the place since 1759 with a short account of the siege by Major Preston.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Tiagur 13 March 1761.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, ink:] IV./70./N:o 14. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] XVI/32-o; [along right edge, black pencil, erased:] Arcott Chelumbrum Chettaput [?] East [?] Permacoil Tronomaly Verdachilum  Villeno[?] [WandiwashWaldour.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tiagur A drawn Plan of Tiagur taken by the English under the command of Major Preston on the 13.th of March 1761.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Thiyāgadurgam, Tamil Nādu, India (11°44'00"N 79°05'00"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    W. Francis, F. Nicholson, et al., Gazetteer of South India, New Delhi, 2002, vol 2, p.130

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