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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

Anonymous

Trichinopoly, 1755

PLAN / de la Ville de / Trichinapoly & / de ses Environs / avec les differents Campemens de l’Armée / Angloise & Tanjaoriene & de celle des / François & Massouriens pendant / les Années 1750, 1754 & 1755. les / Anglois... c.1755

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on two sheets of paper, joined; laid down on linen; edged with pink silk; a brass ring for hanging may have been attached top left and top right, now missing; pink linen tie to left edge | Scale: 1:16,940 approx. | RCIN 731052

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A map of Trichinopoly and the French and British encampments between 1753 and 1755. Second Carnatic War (1749-54). Oriented with west to top.

Colonel Stringer Lawrence (6 March 1697-10 January 1775) served from 1727-66; he saw action at the Battle of Culloden and in the three Carnatic Wars. Between 1757 and 1759 he was in North America at Wandiwash and Fort George. He became in 1761 Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in India, serving with the British East India Company.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: None visible, may be obscured by linen backing

    Condition: one fold line. Verso: foxing and general brown discolouration; heavy surface dirt along right edge, consistent with the map having been stored as a roll

  • Scale: 1:16,940 approx. Scale bar: Echelle de 1 Mile Anglois [95 mm =]

    63.8 x 81.3 cm (neatline)

    65.8 x 83.0 cm (image)

    70.7 x 87.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title

    PLAN / de la Ville de / Trichinapoly & / de ses Environs / avec les differents Campemens de l’Armée / Angloise & Tanjaoriene & de celle des / François & Massouriens pendant / les Années 1750, 1754 & 1755. les / Anglois commandés par le Colonel Stringer Lawrence. [bottom left]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, a key to the colours used to distinguish the different nationalities of the troops:] Explication de ce Plan.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: [bottom left, black pencil:] XI/52 Military. [bottom right, black pencil:] Trichinopoly Plan de la Ville de.

    Other annotations (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom right, a modern Royal Library label, red printed on white, with 'XI 52' in red felt tip pen.] [bottom right, an old library label, probably from Cumberland's library, ink:] IV/68.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tritchinopoly Plan dessiné de la Ville de Trichinapoly et de ses Environs, avec les defferents Campements de l’Armée Angloise et Tanjaoriene et de celle des Francois et Massouriens pendant les années 1753, 4 et 5: les-Anglois commandés par le Colonel Stringer Lawrence. 2 feuilles. [The same entry appears under the heading Encampment.]

    K. Mil. dummy sheet:

    Title [ink:] Plan dessiné de la Ville de Trichinapoly et de ses Environs; avec les differents Campements de l’Armée / Angloise et Tanjaorienne, et de celle de François et Massouriens, pendant les Années 1753, 4 & 5 / les Anglois commandés par le Col.l Stringer Lawrence. 2 feuilles / A Roll … [black pencil:] 5 Table 2.d / [black pencil, in a modern hand:] Oversize / [old heading, red ink:] Encampments near Tritchinopoly 1753-1755 [black pencil, erased, indistinct: old heading?] / 
    Watermark: fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, the letters B&W below. 
    Size: 47.0 x 32.7 cm (sheet).

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)
    Tiruchirāppalli, Tamil Nadu, India (10°48'18"N 78°41'08"E)
  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    G. J. Bryant, ‘Lawrence, Stringer (1697–1775)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.

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