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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Villenore, 1760

Villenore, Surrender’d July 20.th 1760 1760 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; some pricking through | Scale: not stated. 1:2,500 approx. | RCIN 733016.a

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A plan of Villenore, taken by the British, commanded by Colonel (later Sir), Eyre Coote (1726-83) on 20 July 1760. Seven Years War (1756-63)Third Carnatic War (1757-63). Oriented with west to top (cardinal points). 

The attribution to Pleydell is made on stylistic grounds. This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732125, 732126, 733001-8, 733020, 733027, 733028. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown. There is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India and, in 1760, he was serving in Germany.

  • John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: JWHATMAN

    Mark, stamped: 911

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: induced discolouration; ink smudges

  • Scale: not stated. 1:2,500 approx.

    25.3 x 32.4 cm (neatline)

    25.3 x 44.3 cm (image)

    29.5 x 47.7 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Villenore, Surrender’d July 20.th 1760. [bottom centre, outside border]

    Inset:

    [bottom right, in rectangular frame, a profile of the fort.] Scale: 1:4,303 approx. scale bar: [17 mm =] 80 y.s. Size: 4.5 x 10.4 cm (neatline).

    Additional text:

    [left, down left side of map in plain rectangular panel, a key, A-H, and short account of the action between the French, commanded by Lally, and the English, commanded by Col. Eyre Coote; begins:] A. Fort Villenore, built by the French in 1753, about 5 miles W. of Pondicherry, to protect the Town of Villenore, & Perambec, where the French had Country Houses. This place was invested by the English Army from Waldour, July 17.th 1760 …]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Villenore 19 - 20 July 1760.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, ink:] IV./70./N:o 11; [top left, black pencil:] Villenore 19-20 July 1760. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] XVI/32-l.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Villenore A drawn Plan of Villenore attacked by the English under the command of Colonel Coote on the 19.th and taken on the 20.th of July 1760.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Villianur, Pondicherry, India (11°54'00"N 79°45'00"E)

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