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Maps, views and documents from 19 wars

John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Waldour, 1760

Waldour, Surrender’d Apr: 17.th 1760 1760 or later

Pencil, black and red ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:4,729 approx. | RCIN 733006

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A plan of Waldour, taken by the British, commanded by Colonel (later Sir), Eyre Coote (1726-83) on 17 April 1760. Seven Years War (1756-63): Third Carnatic War (1757-63). Oriented with north to top. Waldour was also known as Valdore.

The attribution to Pleydell is made on stylistic grounds. This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732125, 732126, 733001-5, 733007-8, 733016.a, 733020, 733027, 733028. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown. There is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India and, in 1760, he was serving in Germany.

  • John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 902

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:4,729 approx. Scale bar: [58 mm =] 300 y.s.

    18.0 x 24.7 cm (neatline)

    18.0 x 44.4 cm (image)

    24.5 x 48.0 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Waldour, Surrender’d Apr: 17.th 1760. [bottom centre, outside border]

    Additional text:

    [left, down left side of map in rectangular panel, a key, A-E with a short account of the place from 1750 to the action on 17 April 1760:] …after taking Allimparva, Col: Coote who Commanded the English Army, march’d & Invested Waldour Apr: 12.th 1760 … and took his measures so well, that the Enemy [the French under Gen. Lally] could not disturb his operations. The fall of this place was a severe stroke to the French …

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Waldour 17 April 1760.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, ink:] IV/70/N:o 8. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] XVI/32-h; [along right edge, black pencil, place-names?:] Arcott [rest illegible].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Waldour A drawn Plan of the Waldour taken by the English under the command of Col.l Coote on the 17.th of April 1760

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Valudāvūr, Pondicherry, India (11°58'00"N 79°42'00"E)

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