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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

Stefano Mozzo Scolari (c.1612-10 June 1691)

Nitra, 1664

IL VERO RITRATO DELLA NOBILE E’ BELLA FORTEZZA DI NITRA NEL REGNO / d’ungeria la quale con ogni infedelta, et inganno senza resistenza alcuna é statta cessa al’ Turco / nel’ anno 1663 L’ 6 ottobre ali 3 di maggio 1664 fu Recuperatta... 1664 or later

Engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges top and right | 33.1 x 26.6 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 723120.b

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A medium oblique view of the town and fortress of Nitra, captured by the Ottomans on 6 October 1663 and re-taken on 3 May 1664 by Habsburg Imperial Army General Jean-Louis Raduit de Souches (1608-82) referred to on this print as 'General Susa'. The text describes the geographical situation of the town and fortress and its strengths. Oriented with north to top (compass rose). Habsburg-Ottoman Wars (Fourth Austro-Turkish War) (1663-4).

  • Stefano Mozzo Scolari (c.1612-10 June 1691) (publisher) [below text, bottom centre-bottom right:] Con licentia di Superiori Stefano Scolari f. in Venetia S. Zulian

  • Watermark: Print: circle with crescent above, star and crown within circle. Mount: none.

    Condition: five fold lines to print; item originally folded to 8.4 x 9.2 cm. Quite dark offsetting from the title which appears on the bottom margin of the print may indicate that this item may have been folded in half while the ink was still damp. Pressure marks from the mounts of items which were kept above and below this map/print in a different collection are present on the recto and verso

  • 33.1 x 26.6 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    15.6 x 26.3 cm (neatline)

    51.5 x 39.9 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    IL VERO RITRATO DELLA NOBILE E’ BELLA FORTEZZA DI NITRA NEL REGNO / d’ungeria la quale con ogni infedelta, et inganno senza resistenza alcuna é statta cessa al’ Turco / nel’ anno 1663 L’ 6 ottobre ali 3 di maggio 1664 fu Recuperatta la sudetta Fortezza / da sua Ecc.za General Suso [the ‘o’ has been altered in ink to ‘a’] [top right]

    Additional text:

    [below view, a brief account of events; text begins:] L'Ecc.mo e' Reuer:mo Sig:e monsig:e Vescouo, Prencipe del' Castel' di Nitra, e Cancelliere di tutto el Regno d'ungeria …

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Nitra taken by the Turks, 6 Oct. 1663 and retaken by Gen.l Susa 3 May 1664.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [above old heading, black pencil: the text of the old heading which, once overwritten in ink, was erased.]; [bottom centre, black pencil:] 1665, 4 (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Nitra Ritrato della Fortezza di Nitra preso da Turchi li 6 Ottobre 1663 e recuperatta dal General Susa li 35 Maggio 1664: da Stefano Scolari. (with a Description)

  • From the collection of Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-89) who inherited Cassiano dal Pozzo's collection and added to it; sold by Carlo Antonio's grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Nitra, Nitriansky, Slovakia (48°18ʹ27ʺN 18°05ʹ04ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3240

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