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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

Domenico Zenoi (active 1560-80)

Siege of Gyula, 1566

GIVLA, Fortezza nei confini di Tran : / siluania, et Ongheria, nel modo che' al preseto / si troua Assediata da jnfideli l'anno, i566. 1566 or later

Etching with engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B) | Scale: 1:3,260 approx. | RCIN 721046

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A high oblique view of Gyula, defended by János Ghyczy (c.1520-7 January 1589; later Governor of Transylvania) in the summer of 1566, besieged by the Turks, led by Pertaf Pasha, resulting in the capitulation of the town in September. Ottoman Wars in Europe: Suleiman’s later wars in Europe (1537-1566). Orientation not known.

The view consists almost entirely of the moated fortress and town of Gyula, with ‘Lago Sarcad’, bottom right. The fort is being attacked on the left by the Turks

The Turks had laid waste to the sourrounding countryside, preventing the transport of supplies to the town. In July Pertaf Pasha, nephew to Suleiman II, laid siege to the fortress. The siege lasted nine weeks.

  • Domenico Zenoi (active 1560-80) (engraver) [bottom right of title panel:] Domenico Zenoi.

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: no fold lines; no gilt edges; an impression from an item which was kept below this map in a former sequence is present on the verso

  • Scale: 1:3,260 approx. Scale bar: misura di passa [23mm=] 50

    13.4 x 17.7 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    18.5 x 23.8 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    GIVLA, Fortezza nei confini di Tran : / siluania, et Ongheria, nel modo che' al preseto / si troua Assediata da jnfideli l'anno, i566. [top right, in a rectangular panel]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Giula 1566.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom, erased note, black pencil:] Guila 1566; (Verso) [on mount, red pencil:] 1/39.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Giula Giula Fortessa nei confini di Transilvania et Ongheria, nel modo che al presente si trova assediata da Infideli l’anno 1566: da Dom. Zenoi.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Gyula, Bekes, Hungary (46°39ʹ00ʺN 21°17ʹ00ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2694

    R.V. Tooley, ‘Maps in Italian atlases of the sixteenth century, being a comparative list of the Italian maps issued by Lafreri, Forlani, Duchetti, Bertelli and others, found in atlases’, Imago Mundi III, 1939, pp. 12-47, no. 295

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