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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (1627-91)

Siege of Vienna, 1683


Etching and engraving; printed on paper; gilt to left and bottom edges; not mounted | Scale: not stated. Not to scale | RCIN 724018

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A map of the siege of Vienna, 14 July-12 September 1683, by the Ottoman army, commanded by Grand Vizir Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha (1634/5-1683) which culminated in a victory for the Holy League (Poland, Holy Roman Empire), commanded by Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1629-96) following the Battle of Vienna on 11-12 September 1683. Great Turkish War (1683-99), Ottoman-Habsburg Wars (1526-1791), Polish-Ottoman War (1683-99). Oriented with north to top (cardinal points). 

The map shows the events between the beginning of the siege in July and the battle in September. The hamlets and villages surrounding Vienna's city walls had been demolished by the Viennese in order to leave an open area for defensive fire. These destroyed settlements are shown in outline with the number 3 against them. The Turks got round this difficulty by digging trenches towards the city as they advanced. These appear to be shown by parallel straight lines. Several of the surrounding small towns and villages have been laid waste and can be seen enveloped in flames.

The map extends from Stein (Stein an der Donau, Lower Austria 48°24ʹ06ʺN 15°34ʹ52ʺE) in the north-west to Stampfen (Stupava, Slovakia 48°16ʹ29ʺN 17°01ʹ54ʺE) north of Presburg (Pressburg, now Bratislava, Slovakia 48°08ʹ53ʺN 17°06ʹ24ʺE) in the north-east, and from the mountains south of Lilienfeld (Lower Austria 48°00ʹ47ʺN 15°35ʹ48ʺE) in the south-west to the area east of Sopronie a Edemburg (Sopron, Hungary 47°41ʹ06ʺN 16°35ʹ25ʺE) in the south-east, and to Krumbach (Krumbach Markt, Lower Austria 47°31ʹ00ʺN 16°11ʹ00ʺE) in the south.

  • Giovanni Giacomo Rossi (1627-91) (publisher) [bottom right, following on from title, in title cartouche:] Data in luce da Gio. Giacomo de Rossi dalla sve Stampe / In Roma alla Pace all Insegna di Parigi

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in double circle

    Condition: one fold line; creased; 2.2 cm tear to bottom right edge; top left corner cut diagonally. Verso: pressure marks can be seen from the mounts of items which were kept below this map in a former collection

  • Scale: not stated. Not to scale.

    38.3 x 54.2 cm (image and neatline; right edge cropped)

    38.8 cm x [cropped] (platemark)

    40.5 x 54.6 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    PIANTA DELLA CESAREA CITTA DI / VIENNA / CON LA MAGGIOR PARTE DELL’AVSTRIA / INFERIORE INCENDIATA DA TVRCHI, E TARTARI / l’anno 1683 [bottom right, in cartouche embellished with leaves and strapwork]

    Additional text:

    [top, right of centre, in rectangular panel, a key, A-I, K-T, V, X-Z, to the notable buildings in the city and another key, 1-6, to the Turkish camp, the Grand Vizir's pavilion, the Turkish batteries, the surrounding villages/hamlets which had been burnt, the Turkish batteries, mortars, and the camp of the Imperial army.]


    George III heading: Vienna 1683.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, above K. Mil. number, black pencil:] Vienna / 1683. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 3/105; [and, black pencil:] [IV]/39.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Vienna Pianta della Citta di Vienna con la maggior parte dell’Austria Inferiore incendiata da Turchi e Tartari l’anno 1683: da G.G. Rossi.

  • Probably from the collection of Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-89); sold by his grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Vienna, Austria (48°12ʹ30ʺN 16°22ʹ19ʺE)

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