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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

François Collignon (c. 1610-1687)

Siege of Vienna, 1683

VIENNA / LIBERATA 1683 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; gilt edges right and bottom | Scale: not stated. Not to scale | RCIN 724023

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A medium oblique view/map of the siege of Vienna, 14 July-12 September 1683, by the Ottoman army, commanded by Grand Vizir Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha (1634/5-1683) which culminated in a victory for the Holy League (Poland, Holy Roman Empire), commanded by Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1629-96) following the Battle of Vienna on 11-12 September 1683. Great Turkish War (1683-99), Ottoman-Habsburg Wars (1526-1791), Polish-Ottoman War (1683-99). Oriented with south-east to top. 

This view shows various stages of the siege of Vienna, which rages in full swing to the south-east of the city, where Turkish and Imperial (‘cesarei’) forces are fighting furiously near the quarters of the Turkish commander, the Grand Vizir. At the same time, the Turks can be seen in flight towards the south-west (top right).

The view is taken from the encampments of the Imperial armies, looking south-east across small islets in the Danube on which can be seen the abandoned Ottoman cattle, horses, a camel, and carts. A relief force of Imperial troops rides towards the city while, in the left foreground, a skirmish takes place between the Turks and the Imperialist on an islet named Proter. This name is preserved today in the Prater Spitz. 

The layout of the city has not been shown; instead, the blank space inside the fortified walls has been used to accommodate the names of the bastions (‘Boluardo’, i.e. baluardo) and gates. The curved trajectories of the mortar bombs, shown by dashed lines, illustrate the fire from the Turkish mortar batteries (‘Bomba’). The Turkish trenches, which were dug to allow a protected approach to the walls of the city, are drawn by pairs of parallel lines crossed by one pair of longitudinal lines drawn at right angles.

  • François Collignon (c.1610-87) (print seller) [bottom right, inside neatline:] Si vende. da Collignon nel Parione con licena de Sup.ri Rome

  • Watermark: The letter M above a fleur-de-lys on three hills in double circle

    Condition: no fold lines; central crease line; ink smudges to top left and bottom left platemarks, perhaps made during the printing process; small contemporary ink smudges in places around the image; pressure marks can be seen from the mounts of items which were kept above this map in a former collection. Verso: top right, ink smudge; small black ink blots

  • Scale: not stated. Not to scale.

    27.6 x 35.3 cm (image and neatline)

    28.1 x 35.4 cm (platemark)

    39.4 x 51.4 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    VIENNA / LIBERATA [centre of print]


    George III heading: Vienna besieged by the Turks from the of July to the of Sep. 1683.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, black pencil:] IV/45.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Vienna A Plan of Vienna besieged by the Turks and delivered by the King of Poland and the Duke of Lorraine on the of Sept.r 1683: by F. Collignon.

  • Probably from the collection of Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-89); sold by his grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Vienna, Austria (48°12ʹ30ʺN 16°22ʹ19ʺE)

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