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Images from eight wars fought between 1570 and 1718

? Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (1627-91)

Virovitica, 1684

VEROWITIZA 1684 or later

Etching with engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges left, bottom and right | 19.3 x 51.6 cm (image) | RCIN 724027

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A medium oblique view of the bombardment of Turkish Virovitica on 11 July 1684 by the Imperial Croatian army resulting in the capitulation of the town. Great Turkish War (1683-99), Ottoman-Habsburg Wars (1526-1791), Polish-Ottoman War (1683-99)

Virovitica had been under the control of the Ottoman Empire since 1552; the town capitulated under siege when it was surrounded by the Croatian army (as shown in this view), led by Viceroy Nikola Erdödy and General Jakob, Count of Lesli [i.e. James, 2nd Count Leslie, nephew and heir of Count Walter Leslie (1607-67)] who liberated this part of Slavonia from the Turks. 

There is no source, on the print, for the attribution made in the George III catalogue to G.G. Rossi. It is possible that George III's librarians had access to accompanying materials which no longer exist.

  • ? Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (1627-91) (publisher)

  • Watermark: Map: cropped, fleur-de-lys in double circle. Mount: none.

    Condition: one fold line; brown discolouration from mount adhesive. Verso: pressure marks can be seen sides from the mount of an item which was kept and below this view in a former collection

  • 17.9 x 51.6 cm (neatline)

    19.3 x 51.6 cm (image)

    19.6 x 52.7 cm (sheet)

    19.8 x 54.5 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    VEROWITIZA [top, in banner]

    Printed title:

    VEROWITIZA e’ Fortezza in schiauoniá tra il Drauo, e Sauo assediata á li 11. Luglio 1684. e poi presa dall’ esercito Cesareo Croato. [bottom, below edge of view]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below second title, a key, 1-10, to the Turkish mosque, the castle, the Casa del' Mofti, the sentries, the wall around which the Turkish flags were planted, the base of the wall, the heads of Christians, impaled on stakes, Christian encampments, water ditch or moat, and the four rows of oaks surrounding the town to strengthen its defence.


    George III heading: Verowitiza 11 July 1684.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top left, red pencil:] 3/117 [and, black pencil:] IV/51.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Verowitza Verowitza in Schiavonia assediata li 11 Luglio 1684 e presa dall’ Esercito Cesareo Croato: da G.G. de Rossi, 1684.

  • From the collection of Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-89); sold by his grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Virovitica, Virovitič-Podravska, Croatia (45°49ʹ55ʺN 17°23ʹ02ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    Mark McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3266

    D. Worthington, British and Irish experiences and impressions of Central Europe, c.1560-1688, Farnham 2013, unpaged

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