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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war

? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816)

Action at Wandiwash, 1759

Wandewash, Surrender’d Nov:r 30.th, 1759 1759 or later

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:1,500 approx. | RCIN 732125

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A plan of the action at Wandiwash, 28-30 September 1759. Seven Years War (1756-63). Oriented with north to top (cardinal points). 

The commanding officer of the British forces was Colonel Eyre Coote (1726-83).

The attribution to Pleydell is made on stylistic grounds. This is one of fourteen manuscript plans in the collection by Pleydell of fortifications and/or actions during the Third Carnatic War (1757-63), which was part of the Seven Years War. They were all placed, in Cumberland's original collection, in Volume IV/70/1-14. Their current RCIN numbers are 732126, 733001-8, 733016.a, 733020, 733027, 733028. It is not known when they were drawn but it must have been sometime before Cumberland's death in 1765. The source material for this set of plans is unknown; there is no evidence to suggest that Pleydell ever went to India.

  • ? John Cleeve Pleydell (1736-1816) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 895

    Condition: no fold lines; small tear to top edge. Verso: brown discolouration; induced discolouration

  • Scale: not stated. 1:1,500 approx.

    31.0 x 29.3 cm (neatline)

    31.0 x 45.7 cm (image)

    35.7 x 48.5 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Wandewash, Surrender’d Nov:r 30.th, 1759. [bottom centre, outside border]

    Insets:

    [bottom right, a small profile of the wall and moat.] Scale: 1:2,032 approx. Scale bar: [27 mm =] 60 y.s Size: 4.4 x 6.7 cm (neatline).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Wandewash 28-30 Nov. 1759.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, ink:] IV/70/N:o1; [along left edge, black pencil, erased and partly legible:] Wandewash [?] Nov. 1759. (Verso) [along right edge, black pencil, erased and now partly illegible, one word clearly visible:] Villemore.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Wandewash A drawn Plan of Wandewash attacked by the English Army inder the command of Colonel Coote the 28.th and taken the 30.th of Nov.r 1759.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Vandavāsi, Tamil Nādu, India (12°30'15"N 79°36'20"E)

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