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Maps and views, correspondence and journals from the first global war


Monongahela River, 1755 1755 or later

Black and brown ink on paper, laid down on linen | Scale: not stated. 1:1,000,000 approx. | RCIN 731063

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A map of the route taken by the British troops between Fort Cumberland and Lake Erie, 1755. French and Indian War (1754-63). Oriented with north-west to top. A rough, small-scale sketch marking the river crossings and settlements along the route.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a '4' suspending the letters L V G below

    Mark, stamped: 775

  • Scale: not stated. 1:1,000,000 approx.

    38.8 x 25.4 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    No title

    Additional text:

    [bottom left:] NB. The Prick’d Line / from Fort Cumberland / to Lake Erie is the / comon rout of all / Travellers. [Right centre, in red ink:] NB. The Red Lines show where the English / Troops passed and repassed the Monongahela / according to the best advices receiv’d / on the 25th of August 1755.


    George III heading: Road between Fort Cumberland and Lake Erie with the passage of the Monongahela in 1755.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top left, some calculations in black pencil]. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 12/59-2; [bottom left, black pencil:] XV/13. [top left, ink, crossed out in red pencil, obscured by white paper strip:] March Route Erie; [bottom, ink, obscured by linen and illegible.]

    George III catalogue entry:

    Monongahela A drawn Sketch of the Road between Fort Cumberland and Lake Erie with the passage of the Monongahela River by the English Troops in 1755. [The same entry appears under the headings Cumberland, Fort and Erie, Lake.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Pennsylvania, USA

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