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Maps, prints and letterpress text covering the major battles and sieges

Raphael Sadeler the Younger (1584-1632)

Battle of Bílá Hora and Prague, 1620

TABVLA III. INITIVM PVGNAE ET FLVCTVANTIS ACIEI ASPECTVM PROPONIT 1620 or later

Engraving and etching; printed from two copperplates on two sheets of paper, joined; mounted on paper (Mount Type A), mount cropped (about 2 mm of the old mount extends from the left and bottom edges) | 42.5 x 71.0 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 721141.e

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A high oblique view of the opposing Imperial and Bohemian forces shown drawn up in order of battle at the Battle of Bílá Hora (White Mountain), which was fought on 8 November 1620 between Protestant rebels of Bohemia, commanded by Prince Christian of Anhalt (11 May 1568-17 April 1630) and the Catholic forces of the Holy Roman Empire (commanded by Johan Tserclaes, Count of Tilly (February 1559-30 April 1632), resulting in an Imperial victory. Thirty Years War (1618-1648).

The view shows the first clash of the battle, with four Imperial foot regiments and some cavalry (A), encouraged by a troop of horse which is forcing the enemy (Bohemians) to retreat (B) while a charge of five troops of Imperial horse force the Bohemians to retreat (C) towards Prague which is shown top right.

This is the third in a series of four plates depicting the battle (see RCINs 721141.a, c, g). The explanatory letterpress text to this view is at RCIN 721141.f.

A smaller version of this print, by Jan Sadeler (BM 1897,0113.66) was published by Raphael Sadeler II in 1621 as one of four prints with a separate title-page. These smaller prints carried the title and key in letterpress, printed on the same sheet as the view (Hollstein 140-144).

  • Raphael Sadeler the Younger (1584-1632) (engraver) [bottom right:] Cum priuilegio Sac. Cæs. Maiest.s Raph. Sadeler Iun. fecit.

  • Watermark: Coat of arms: a bunch of grapes on stand in shield, the letter ‘M’ resting on each shoulder of the shield, the letter 'A' below shield

    Condition: five fold lines; creased; considerable wear and tear along folds; some brown discolouration. Verso: surface dirt; remains of Mount Type A; no gilt edges

  • 42.5 x 71.0 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

  • Printed title:

    TABVLA III. INITIVM PVGNAE ET FLVCTVANTIS ACIEI ASPECTVM PROPONIT. [across top of view]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Prague Nov.r 1620.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Prague Delineationes Aciei et Pugnæ ad Pragam Factæ 7 Novembris 1620, tabulis quatuor expressæ: per Raph. Sadeler: cum Descriptionibus.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

     

  • Subject(s)

    Bílá Hora, near Prague, Czech Republic (50°05ʹ00ʺN  14°20ʹ00ʺE)

    Prague, Hlavní Mesto Praha, Czech Republic (50°05'16"N 14°25'14"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2827

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