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Maps, prints and letterpress text covering the major battles and sieges

? Raphael Sadeler the Younger (1584-1632)

Battle of Bílá Hora and Prague, 1620

TABVULA IV. VERSÂ REPENTÈ MARTIS ALEÂ MISERANDAM HOSTIVM STRAGEM, CLADEM FVGAM COMPLECTITVR 1620 or later

Engraving and etching; printed from two copperplates on two sheets of paper, joined; mounted on paper (Mount Type A), mount cropped (about 1 mm of the old mount extends from the left edge) | 42.1 x 70.9 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 721141.g

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A medium oblique view of the final stage of the Battle of Bílá Hora (White Mountain), which was fought on 8 November 1620 between Protestant rebels of Bohemia, commanded by Prince Christian of Anhalt (11 May 1568-17 April 1630) and the Catholic forces of the Holy Roman Empire (commanded by Johan Tserclaes, Count of Tilly (February 1559-30 April 1632), resulting in an Imperial victory. Thirty Years War (1618-1648)

The view shows the rout of the Bohemian army by Imperial forces whose strong unbroken line (A) is advancing leaving Bohemian dead and overrun Bohemain redoubts (B) in their wake. The Bohemians are seen fleeing in disorder to Prague (C), throwing themselves into the Vltava river to get to the lower town on the other side (D). At the same time, the Bohemian infantry (F) and commanders and officers escape over the walls and into the gardens of the Summer Palace (G) while, at last, the regiment of Jindrich Matyas Thurn (1567-1640), the co-commander of the Bohemian army, made a brief stand before turning to flee with the rest of the army. The whole battle, or skirmish, had lasted about one hour.

This is the fourth in a series of four plates depicting the battle (see RCINs 721141.a, c, e). The explanatory letterpress text to this view is at RCIN 721141.h.

A smaller version of this print, by Jan Sadeler (BM 1897,0113.67) was published by Raphael Sadeler II in 1621 as one of four prints with a separate title-page. These smaller prints carried the title and key in letterpress, printed on the same sheet as the view (Hollstein 140-144).

  • ? Raphael Sadeler the Younger (1584-1632) (engraver)

  • Watermark: Coat of arms: a bunch of grapes on stand in shield, the letter ‘M’ resting on each shoulder of the shield, the letter 'A' below shield

    Condition: five fold lines; creased; considerable wear and tear along folds; some brown discolouration. Verso: remains of Mount Type A; no gilt edges

  • 42.1 x 70.9 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

  • Printed title:

    TABVULA IV. VERSÂ REPENTÈ MARTIS ALEÂ MISERANDAM HOSTIVM STRAGEM, CLADEM FVGAM COMPLECTITVR. [across top of view]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Prague Nov.r 1620.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Prague Delineationes Aciei et Pugnæ ad Pragam Factæ 7 Novembris 1620, tabulis quatuor expressæ: per Raph. Sadeler: cum Descriptionibus.

     

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Bílá Hora, near Prague, Czech Republic (50°05ʹ00ʺN  14°20ʹ00ʺE)

    Prague, Hlavní Mesto Praha, Czech Republic (50°05'16"N 14°25'14"E)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2829

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