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Maps, prints and letterpress text covering the major battles and sieges

Nicolas Cochin (1610-86)

Battle of Nördlingen, 1645 published 1646

Etching and engraving; two plates printed on two sheets; mounted on paper (traces of Type B mount) | 61.1 x 90.3 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 723061.1.b

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A view and order of battle of the Battle of Nordlingen, fought on 3 August 1645 between the combined armies of France and Saxe-Weimar, commanded by Louis II de Bourbon-Condé, duc d’Enghien (8 September 1621-11 December 1686) and Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne (11 September 1611-27 July 1675) and the combined forces of the Holy Roman Empire and Bavaria, commanded by Franz von Mercy (d.3 August 1645) and Count Johann von Werth (1591-16 January 1652), resulting in a French victory. Thirty Years War (1618-1648). See RCIN 723061.1.a for the bottom part.

Another example of this print in a slightly diffferent state, is at RCIN 723061.2.a. The only difference which can be discerned is in the Beaulieu imprint which, on RCIN 723061.1.a is rendered in a longer form: ‘Par le S.r de Beaulieu Ingenieur et Geographe Ord.re du Roy. 1646.’ Since the spacing of the beginning and end of this imprint is identical on the two examples (the intial word ‘Par’ and the final date ‘1746.’ are in the same position in both states), it follows that the gap in the imprint of RCIN 723061.2.a indicates the deletion of ‘et Geographe Ord.re du Roy.’ from the copperplate of RCIN 723061.1.a. The re-engraving of the shorter imprint which appears on RCIN 723061.2.a which must, therefore, be a later state.

The original design and survey for this print was made by Beaulieu, who was present at the Battle of Nördlingen. Having lost his right arm at the siege of Philippsburg in 1644, he thereafter made all his maps and sketches using his left hand (see RCIN 723051).

The attribution of some of the engraving to Noël Cochin rather than to Nicolas Cochin is made by the Bibliothèque nationale de France (link gives an example of RCINs 723061.1.a,b. This example has the accompanying explanatory letterpress text pasted along the left and right edges of the print.)

The accompanying explanatory letterpress text is at RCINs 723061.1.c-f. It gives an account of the events leading up to the battle, the battle itself and the subsequent march of the French army to Dinkelsbühl, depicted in one of the vignettes in the print. A list of Beaulieu’s maps available for sale which is given at the end of the text includes the siege and encampment of the French army at Collioure; the siege of the citadel at Perpignan; the Battle of Rocroi; siege of Thionville; the action at Freiburg and siege of Philippsburg; Malta and the neighbouring islands; a naval engagement with the Turks, and the Battle of Nördlingen.

  • Nicolas Cochin (1610-86) (engraver)

    Frosne, Jean (c.1620-after 1676) (engraver)

    After Stefano della Bella (1610-64) (draughtsman)

    After Sébastien Pontault de Beaulieu (c. 1612-74) (cartographer)

    Catherine Leziers (active 1644-48) (publisher)

    Francois Langlois (1589-1647) (publisher)

    Sébastien Pontault de Beaulieu (c. 1612-74) (publisher)

  • Watermark: The letters I H S, cross above the H

    Condition: six fold lines; four small tears to left edge, three tears to bottom edge; worn along centre vertical fold; verso:surface dirt. Mount: cropped and mostly removed; type not identifiable.

  • 61.1 x 90.3 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

  • Printed title:

    LA BATAILLE DE NORDLINGEN DONNÉE LE TROISIESME IOVR D’AOVST 1645. / entre les armées du tres Chrestien Louys 14 Roy de France et de Nauarre: Commandée par Monseigneur le Duc d’Anguyen, / Prince du Sang, Pair de France Gouuerneur pour sa Maiesté en ses Prouinces de Champagne et Brie: et l’Imperiale et / Bauaroise Commandée par les Generaux Gléen et Mercy. [across top, to each side of the portrait]

    Additional text:

    [top centre, around the portrait of the Duc d'Enghien:] LOVIS DE BOVRBON DVC D’ANGVIEN PRINCE DV SAN[G] PAIR DE FRANCE. [Between the crown and the top of the portrait of the Duc d'Enghien:] Ætatis / suæ / 24.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: View and Order of the Battle of Nordlingen 3 August 1645

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Nordlingen Vue et Ordre de la Bataille de Nordlingen donnée le 3.me d’Aoust 1645 entre les Armées de Louis XIV commandées par le Duc d’Anguyen, et l’Imperiale et Bavaroise commandée par les Generaux Gléen et Mercy: par le S.r de Beaulieu, dessiné par Stef. de Bella et gravé par Cochin. 4 feuilles: avec une Description. Another Copy of D.o [i.e. the example described in this entry]

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Nördlingen, Bavaria, Germany (48°51ʹ04ʺN 10°29ʹ19ʺE)

    Dinkelsbühl, Bavaria, Germany (49°04ʹ10ʺN 10°19ʹ11ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3173

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