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Maps, prints and letterpress text covering the major battles and sieges

Anonymous

Ingolstadt, 1632

INGOLSTADT 1632 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper | 23.2 x 31.6 cm (image) | RCIN 722066

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A view, looking north-north-east across the Danube to Ingolstadt which was besieged by Gustavus Adolphus and the Swedish army from the middle of April 1632 and abandoned on 1st May. Thirty Years War (1618-1648).

Duffy in Siege warfare p.180 says about this event: 'Gustavus appeared before Ingolstadt on 19 April and the next day, according to his custom, he rode in to make a close reconnaissance. "The gunners of Ingolstadt realised that the royal party signified something out of the ordinary, and they judged their aim so well that a shot carried away the crupper of the king's horse and covered him with blood and dust". The fortress proved to be manifestly too strong to take.' The siege was raised on 1 May (Cambridge Modern History (1907) p.214).

This view is a very close copy (or vice versa) of Merian's view of the siege which appears between pp.526 and 527 in the Theatrum Europeaum, vol.II, which was first published in 1633. Apart from minor differences in the engraved detail, the principal distinguishing feature of the two views is that the names which appear on the Royal Collection example are in Dutch rather than in German.

Although this print does not have the usual physical attributes of the Dal Pozzo collection, it is consistent with other examples of Dutch versions of the Merian views which can be shown to have belonged to the Dal Pozzos and it seems reasonable, therefore, to assign this provenance to this item.

The title is presented below the coat of arms of Ingolstadt.

  • Anonymous (printmaker)

  • Watermark: Double-headed eagle

    Condition: one fold line; small piece missing, top right; wear and waterstaining to each corner, indicating that the view was pasted down to a support from which it has been removed

  • 23.2 x 31.6 cm (image)

    23.2 x 32.0 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    INGOLSTADT. [top centre]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: [the title of the map: INGOLSTADT, is underlined in red and followed by:] besieged by Gusatvus Adolphus 1632.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top centre, black pencil:] Bavaria; [bottom right, black pencil, erased: the old heading].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Ingolstadt View of the Siege of Ingolstadt by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632.

  • Probably from the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany (48°45ʹ54ʺN 11°25ʹ25ʺE)

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