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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

François Hancko (active 1741-8)

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

Plan de l'Attaque des Hauts Alliées contre le François proche du Village de Fontenoÿ / com[m]endée par S: A: R: le Duc de Cumberlandt, livrée le 11 May: N:S: 1745 c.1745

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; some pricking through | Scale: not stated. 1:20,000 approx. | RCIN 729094

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A map of the Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, fought between the French, commanded by Louis XV (1710-74) and Marshal Maurice of Saxony (1696-1750), and the Allied army, commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), resulting in a French victory. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with west to top.

The camp at Lessines, at which this map was made, took place in May and June 1745 (see RCIN 729114, dated 17 May). This is similar to, and in the same hand as RCINs 729093 and 729095. The details of the three maps show slight variations: RCIN 729093 shows three French redoubts facing the Dutch forces whereas RCINs 729094 and 729095 show only two. RCIN 729093 shows the British and Hanoverian encampment in six groups whereas RCINs 729094 and 729095 have four groups. The printed map at RCIN 729096, which is based on Hancko's original, is consistent with the detail shown in RCINs 729094 and 729095.

The map shows the first position of the Allied army, which set off from Briffoeil camp (see RCIN 729086) at break of day, as it reached the plain west of Vezon and Maubray. The British and Hanoverians went by way of Vezon, and the Dutch marched through Maubray. The first reconnaissance positions of a battalion commanded by Waldeck, in the Bois de Barry are indicated, together with their second position assaulting Fontenoy. The two parts of the Allied army - the British and Hanoverian troops - funneled between Fontenoy and the wood, and the Dutch between Antoing and Fontenoy, are clearly shown.

The entrenched and fortified positions of the French at Antoing, Fontenoy, and an 18-gun battery to the north of Fontenoy are indicated as are the square formed by the French on retreating, and the disposition by Ligonier of rearguard troops to protect the Allied retreat.

  • François Hancko (active 1741-8) (cartographer) [bottom left of text:] Fait par l'Ingenieur Hancko au Servis de Sa Majesté, Britanique, au camp de Lessines.

     

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 436

    Condition: five fold lines; cropped; formerly folded to 15.4 x 11.8 cm; induced discolouration on verso

  • Scale: not stated. 1:20,000 approx.

    53.8 x 28.7 cm (image)

    37.7 x 27.6 cm (neatline)

    54.4 x 29.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    Plan de l'Attaque des Hauts Alliées contre le François proche du Village de Fontenoÿ / com[m]endée par S: A: R: le Duc de Cumberlandt, livrée le 11 May: N:S: 1745. [bottom, below map, in rectangular panel with other text]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 9/24; [bottom left, black pencil:] X/49-1; [left, ink, cropped:] VI/[rest cropped]; [on outer panel of fold, ink:] N.o 9. / in His R.H.s the Duke of Cumberland's / of the 13. June N.S. 1745.; [on right panel, ink:] N.9.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Fontenoy Plan dessiné de l'Attaque des Hauts Alliés sous le Duc de Cumberland, contre les Francois, proche du Village de Fontenoy, livrée le 11 May 1745: par l'Ingenieur Hancko.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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