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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Etienne Louis Crepy (c.1700-59)

Brabant, 1747-1748

DUCHE / DE BRABANT / EVECHÉ ET PRINCIPAUTÉ DE LIEGE / Contenant aussi / Partie des Duchés de Juliers de Gueldres et de Limbourg / et Partie du Comté d’Hollande / DRESSÉ Sur les Memoires de Eugene Henry Friex / et Augmenté sur... 1746-8 or later

Engraving; printed from six copperplates on six sheets of paper; hand-coloured, laid down on four pieces of linen, stitched together; manuscript annotations in red, orange, blue, green, and yellow ink on printed base; blank margins of map coloured yellow; dissected into twenty-four pieces | Scale: 1:115,750 approx. | RCIN 730083

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A map, with manuscript annotations, of Brabant showing the march routes and encampments of the Allied army during 1747 and 1748. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north to top.

This map appears to comprise sheets 4, 5, 9, 10, of Crepy's republication, for the market created by the War of the Austrian Succession, of Eugene Henri Fricx's Carte des Pays-Bas et des frontières de France (1703-1712) to which his nephew, George Fricx, added four northern sheets sometime during the war, two of which form the basis of the northern part of this assemblage. The map has been used as a base on which to plot the movements of the armies in 1747 and 1748. The annotations are all by François Hancko.

The annotation naming ‘Milord Craufurd’ on the back of the map undoubtedly refers to John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (1702-49). He was well-known to King George II and to the Duke of Cumberland. He fought in the Russo-Turkish War of 1736-9. He also fought at the Battle of Dettingen, the Jacobite Rebellion and the Battles of Fontenoy and Raucoux. He served in Flanders with the Duke of Cumberland during the War of the Austrian Succession. He was known for his ability as a cartographer and this map may have belonged to him, or have been sent to the Duke by him.

  • Etienne Louis Crepy (c.1700-59) (publisher) [following on from title:] Se Vend APARIS Chez Crepy rue S.t Jacques a l’Image S.t Pierre [bottom right of scales:] avec Priv. du Roy M.D.CC.XLVI.

    Eugène Henri Fricx (1644-1730) (cartographer)

    George Fricx (active 1740s) (cartographer)

    François Hancko (active 1741-8) (annotator) [bottom right, bottom of manuscript title:] Fait par Hancko Ingenieur au Servis de Sa Majesté Britanique.

  • Watermark: None visible

    Condition: folded along the gussets; surface dirt on the verso suggests that the map was stored folded at some stage; further heavy surface dirt along the bottom indicates that the map was also, at some time, stored rolled and tied; the ink anotation ‘Brabant’ would then have been visible to identify the map

  • Scale: 1:115,750 approx. Echelles [scale bars:] Lieues d’un heures de Chemin [114 mm =] 2; Milles d’Angleterre [114 mm =] 5; Lieues Communes de France [78 mm =] 2; Lieues de Brabant [96 mm =] 2.

    148.8 x 128.1 cm (sheet, including gussets)

  • Printed title:

    DUCHE / DE BRABANT / EVECHÉ ET PRINCIPAUTÉ DE LIEGE / Contenant aussi / Partie des Duchés de Juliers de Gueldres et de Limbourg / et Partie du Comté d’Hollande / DRESSÉ Sur les Memoires de Eugene Henry Friex / et Augmenté sur les Observations les plus nouvelles. [top right, in a rococco cartouche]

    Manuscript title:

    Carte avec toutes les Campements de L'Armée des Alliée / et la Battaille de Laffeldt sous le comandement de / S.A.R. Monseigneur le Duc de Cumberland / L'An[n]ée 1747; et avec toutes les campements sous / le meme comandement de l'Année 1748 / L'on peut distinguer les Nations par les couleurs Les / Anglois en Rouge Les Han[n]ov: en jaune Les Hessois en pael / bleu Les Autriche en Verd. Les Hollandois en Orange. Les / Francois en bleu. [symbol] marque du quartier General / Les campements sont distingué par les chiffres et / dates. Les chifres sont mise ou L'Armée a fait front. [bottom right, in manuscript rectangular panel, with yellow border, in red ink in François Hancko's hand]

    Insets: [across top of map, irregular sizes contained within a rococco border:]

    ANVERS [with an alphabetical key, A-I, K-V, X-Y, to places in the city]; scale: Echelle De trois Cent Soixente et quinse Toises [41 mm =]; size: 26.0 (longest extent) x 12.2 cm (neatline).
    BRUXELLES [with a short history of the city; size: 17.5 (longest extent) x 19.6 cm (neatline).
    BREDA [outline of fortifications only; with a short history; size: 15.0 (longest extent) x 13.4 cm (neatline).
    BOIS LE DUC [outline of fortifications only; alphabetical key, A-E, to places on the map; with a short history]; size: 16.2 (longest extent) x 10.6 cm (neatline).
    LEAU size: 5.8 x 10.0 cm (neatline).
    MAESTRICHT [with alpha-numerical key, A-E, 1-2, to places on the map]; scale: Echelle de trois Cent Toises [33 mm =]; size: 12.0 (longest extent) x 10.0 cm (neatline).
    MALINES [outline only; with short history]; size: 12.1 x 17.0 cm (neatline).
    BERGH-OP-ZOOM [outline only; with short history]; size: 6.7 (longest extent) x 17.0 cm (neatline).
    RURMONDE [street layout with three-dimensional representations of churches; with short history]; scale: Echelle de 600. Toises [20 mm =]; size: 10.5 x 17.1 cm (neatline).
    LIEGE [street layout; alphabetical key, A-I, K-P, to places on the map].

    Additional text:

    On trouve aussi Chés le dit Crepy du même auteur le Comté de Flandre en 5. / feuiles le Comté de Hainaut en 3. feuilles avec les plans fortifié des / Villes que contienent c’est provinces / et la Carte détaillé des / Pays Bas / en 15. / feuilles. [bottom left of scale bars, in title cartouche]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: [bottom right, black pencil:] Brabant X/83 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom left, ink:] Brabant; [bottom left, red pencil:] 1747-8. [top right panel, ink, crossed out in red:] Netherlands Theatre; [on top right panel, a small white red-printed Royal Library label with, in a modern hand, in red ink:] XI.83. Brabant. [right of centre, black pencil, with flourished letter:] B [?N]23. [right of centre, black pencil:] XII/69; [right of centre, red pencil:] XII/3 [‘3’ crossed out in black pencil]. [right, ink:] Milord Craufurd.

    K. Mil. dummy sheet:

    Title Ink: Friex's Map of the Duchy of Brabant: with the Encampments of the Allied Army under the command / of the Duke of Cumberland in 1747 & 1748, and the Battle of Laffeldt: by Hancko. MS. / A Roll ... [black pencil:] 1 Table 1.st / [black pencil, in a modern hand:] Oversize / [Old heading:] Encampments in Brabant 1747 - 1748 / [black pencil, early nineteenth-century hand:] Other Copies of this Map Geography CIII/26.
    Watermark: JWHATMAN 1811.
    Size: 46.9 x 32.8 cm (sheet).

    George III catalogue entry:

    Brabant Friex's Map of Brabant; with the Encampments of the Allied Army under the command of the Duke of Cumberland in 1747 and 1748; and the Battle of Laffeldt: by Hancko, MS.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Belgium (North Brabant, Netherlands)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    C. Koeman. Atlantes Neerlandici : bibliography of terrestrial maritime and celestial atlases and pilot books, published in the Netherlands up to 1880, vol. 2, Leiden 1967-1985, pp.109-110

    M. van Egmond, Covens & Mortier. A map publishing house in Amsterdam 1685-1866. Utrecht Studies in the History of Cartography 8, Houten, 2009, pp.120-22

    P. van der Krogt, Advertenties voor kaarten, atlassen, globes e.d. in Amsterdamse kranten 1621-1811, Houten, 1985

    C. Lemoine-Isabeau, Les militaires et la cartographie des Pays-Bas méridionaux et de la Principauté de Liège à la fin du XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle, Brussels, 1984 pp.83-95

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