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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

François Hancko (active 1741-8)

Netherlands, 1744-5 / Order of battle of the Allied army at Fontenoy, 1745

CARTE / Avec toutes les Campaments / et journal de l'Armée des Alliée de l'Anée 1744: / sous le comandement du Marchall Wade et de S:A:R: / Le Duc d'Aremberg et Comte de... 1745 or later

Pencil, ink and watercolour on four sheets of paper, joined | Scale: 1:61,700 approx. | RCIN 729003

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A map of the encampments of the Allied army in Flanders in 1744 and 1745 with the order of battle at Fontenoy, 11 May 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north to top.

The topographical details have probably been copied and enlarged from one of the 1740s re-issues of Fricx's map of Brabant and the Low Countries. The geographical coverage extends from Ghent in the north to Mons in the south and from Lille in the west to Malines in the east.

The key explains that the camps, march routes and dates for the 1744 campaign of the Allies are distinguished by colour: Austrians (green), British (red), Hanoverians (yellow), Dutch (orange) and French (violet). The march routes are in yellow with red dots; the camps are marked by dates and numbers, the numbers are placed at the army’s front; the trenches and bridges constructed across the rivers are drawn in black; a symbol denotes the headquarters. The march routes of the 1745 campaign are in orange with red dots; and here the Dutch are shown in blue.

  • François Hancko (active 1741-8) (draughtsman) [bottom right, at bottom of title cartouche:] Fait par François de Hancko Si devant Ingenieur au Servis de sa Majesté Britanique presentement Lieut: d'Artillerie de S. M. I.

  • Watermark: C & I HONIG

    Condition: four fold lines; old tears repaired with paper before being laid down on linen; stained and surface dirt. Verso: induced discolouration; heavy surface dirt along left edge, consistent with the map having been rolled and tied

    Materials: laid down on two pieces of coarse linen stitched together; edged with faded pink silk ribbon; two pink linen ties to right edge; [no trace of brass rings for hanging]

  • Scale: 1:61,700 approx. Scale bar: Echelle d'une Lieux de brabant [90 mm =]

    116.9 x 180.6 cm (neatline)

    119.0 x 182.6 cm (image)

    121.6 x 185.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    CARTE / Avec toutes les Campaments / et journal de l'Armée des Alliée de l'Anée 1744: / sous le comandement du Marchall Wade et de S:A:R: / Le Duc d'Aremberg et Comte de Nassau. / Et avec toutes les campaments la Battaille de Fontenoÿ / de L’An[n]ée 1745 Sous le comandement de S:A:R: Monseig. Le Duc / de Cumberland. et comte de Königseg. [bottom right, in rococo cartouche]

    Additional text:

    RENVOY [bottom right, below title, in title cartouche, a summary of the events of 1744 and a key, A-I, K-O to the map];  [Ordre de B]ataille de l’Armeé Alliée en Flandres, le 29 d’Avril :V:S: An[n]o 1745 / [under the command of] S:A:R: Le Duc de Cumberland / [and] S:Ex: Le Veldt Marchal comte de Königseg. [top left, an order of battle]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: [black pencil] Encampment Carte des Campements de [?] F de Hancko.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, black pencil:] IX/3 Military. (Verso) [right centre, blue biro on 1980s red-printed label:] IX 3 Armée des Alliées 1744 Encampment Netherlands.

    K. Mil. Dummy Sheet:

    Title [ink:] Carte dessinée de tous les Campemens de l'Armée des Alliés [sic] en 1744, sous le Marechal / Wade; et de tous les Campemens et la Bataille de Fontenoy en 1745, sous le Duc de / Cumberland; avec un Journal, et l'Ordre de Bataille de l'Armée Alliée en Flandres / le 10 May 1745: par F. de Hancko Ing.r 4 feuilles. // [ink:] A Roll ..... [Pencil:] 1 Table 2.d [annotated in black pencil in a modern hand:] oversize. // [George III heading, red ink:] Encampments in the Netherlands in 1744 and 1745; with the Order of Battle on the 10.th of May 1745.
    Watermark: JWHATMAN 1811 [no space between J and W].
    Size: 468. x 32.8 cm (sheet).

    George III catalogue entry:

    Netherlands Carte dessinée de tous les Campemens de l'Armée des Alliés en 1744 sous le Marechal Wade; et de tous les Campemens et la Bataille de Fontenoy en 1745 sous le Duc de Cumberland; avec un Journal et l'Ordre de Bataille de l'Armée Alliée en Flandre le 10 May 1745: par F. de Hancko Ing.r 4 feuilles.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Fontenoy, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°34'03"N 03°28'24"E)

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