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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49)

Netherlands, c.1745 1745 or later

Pencil, pen and ink and watercolour on six pieces of paper, joined | Scale: not stated. 1:110,000 approx. | RCIN 729062

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A trace of Fricx's map of Brabant with details of the encampments of the Allied army around Brussels, 1745. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north to top.

The attribution to Schultz is made on stylistic grounds and on the basis of the George III catalogue entry.

A useful shortcut for the military mapmaker, faced with the necessity of making extensive surveys, was to take an existing printed map and trace off the major features such as roads, rivers and settlements. The tracing would then be taken into the field where simple observation techniques would be used to add to it more detailed information. This tracing was taken from Crepy's 1740s reprint of Fricx's 1706 map of Brabant (see RCIN 729061.a) and shows the wealth of additional detail which was added to the military map. Parts of this map were enlarged to produce the map of the Brussels canal (RCIN 729136).

  • George Augustus Schultz (active 1734-49) (draughtsman)

  • Watermark: Horn in shield, crown above, a ‘4’ suspending the letters L V G below

    Mark, stamped: 406

    Condition: two folds; several other fold lines; ink stains

  • Scale: not stated. 1:110,000 approx.

    52.0 x 90.4 cm (image and sheet)

  • Printed title:

    No title

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampments in the Netherlands 1745.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top, left of centre, black pencil, cropped, underlined, a number?]; [top, right of centre, black pencil, erased:] Netherlands + Theatre; [bottom, below old heading, black pencil, erased, cropped:] X/.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Netherlands A drawn Plan of part of the Netherlands, with the Encampments of the Allied Army in 1745; [in red ink:] by M.r Schultz.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Netherlands

    Brabant [Belgium]

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