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Mapping collected by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Schrader (active 1747)

Siege of Bergen op Zoom, 1747

PLAN VAN BERGEN OP ZOOM c.1747

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: 1:23,200 approx. | RCIN 730147

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A plan of the fortress of Bergen op Zoom showing the French siegeworks. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48). Oriented with north-north-east to top (compass rose).

A detailed plan of the fortifications of Bergen op Zoom, naming the bastions, tenailles, ravelins, redoubts, lunettes, etc. The immediate neighbourhood outside the fortifications on the east side of the town is drawn in detail, distinction being made between enclosed strips of grazing land, cultivated land (brown parallel stripes), and formal gardens.

The town of Bergen op Zoom, fortified by Menno van Coehoorn and garrisoned under the command of General Cronström, was besieged by the French army under the command of Count Löwendahl, from 14 July to 18 September, when the fortified town was taken by the French.

  • Schrader (active 1747) (draughtsman) [bottom right, inside neatline:] Schrader [?Justin. Augt].

  • Watermark: Strasburg bend and lily; countermark: IV

    Mark, stamped: 640

    Condition: one fold line; a linear erasure through detail at bottom of map; two small tears to left edge; one small tear to top edge. Verso: brown spotting; induced discolouration

  • Scale: 1:23,200 approx. Scale bar: Schaale van 400 Rÿnlantse Roeden [65 mm =]

    33.9 x 58.1 cm (neatline)

    34.6 x 58.8 cm (image)

    37.5 x 60.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN VAN BERGEN OP ZOOM. [top left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top left, below title, in title panel, a key A-I, K-Z, naming the bastions, tenailles, ravelins and, 1-20, naming the lunettes. Bottom left, in plain rectangular panel, a continuation of the key, 21-47, identifying other geographical features.] 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Bergen op Zoom 1747.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [bottom, left of centre, black pencil, in Schultz's or Mason's hand:] Bergen op zoom 1747; [top right, black pencil:] an encircled 5; [bottom, right of centre, black pencil, beneath old heading:] X/[?] [and] XIII/[?00-z].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Bergen op Zoom A drawn Plan of the Attacks of Bergen op Zoom in 1747, by Schrader.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

     

  • Subject(s)

    Bergen op Zoom, North Brabant, Netherlands (51°29'42"N 04°17'30"E)

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