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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands


Siege of Saint-Venant, 1710

PLAN von der Festúng St: Venant 1710 or later

Pen, ink and watercolour on paper; gilt edge top, right and bottom | Scale: 1:2,600 approx. | RCIN 726065

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A plan of the siege of Saint-Venant, 6-30 September 1710, gained by the Allies, commanded by John William Friso, Prince of Orange (1687-1711). War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north to top.

The date of 30 September for the surrender of the fortress is taken from Ostwald (2007), p.343.

The plan shows only the fortification and the attacks.

This plan has been removed from a volume, made about 1719 or later, of manuscript maps and plans of sieges. Other maps, perhaps in a different hand but, apparently from the same volume, are scattered throughout the collection: RCINs [724061], [724090], 725007, 725009, 725011, 725013, 725021, 725023, 725027, 725030, 725032, 725041, [725044], 725045, 725047, [725055], 725074, 725087, 725098, 726007, 726014, 726022, 726041, 726045, 726053, 726073, 726080, 726086, 726090, 727004, 727007, 727011, 727013, 727014.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in shield, crown above, the figure ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below

    Mark, stamped: 141

    Condition: no folds. Verso: remains of a guard

  • Scale: 1:2,600 approx. Scale bar: Mastab von 100 Toisen [75 mm =].

    46.6 x 32.2 cm (image and neatline)

    52.8 x 36.6 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN von der Festúng St: Venant. [bottom left, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [bottom left, folowing on from title, in title panel:] Sowie selbige sich vor und nach der Belagerunge prasentiret mit ihren / wercken und umgebung deß Waßers, welche dúrch die hohen Allÿrten mit / 20 Battallions und 9 Escadrons den 6 Sept: Investiret únd untern Commando / der Durchl: dem Pr= Von Friesland Attaquiret wurde, welche Attaque die nacht vom 16 auf den / 17t geöfnet únd bis auf den 28ten sept: continuiret ward, am welchen Tage die Chamade ge / schlagen únd die Capitulation geschloßen Ward, so daß am 2ten octo: 1710 die Guarnison mit al: / len Ehren Zeichen Aùsmarchirten, A. die Schleuse, B. die Neuen Wercke so kurz zu vor gemacht.


    George III heading: S.Venant 6 - 29 Sept.r 1710.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, ink:] 88. (Verso) [bottom left, red pencil:] 5/69; [bottom left, black pencil erased:] VI/ [?].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Venant, S.t Plan dessiné de S.t Venant avec les Attaques des Alliés en 1710.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Saint-Venant, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France (50°37'10"N 02°32'22"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    J. Ostwald, Vauban under siege: engineering efficiency and martial vigor in the War of the Spanish Succession, Leiden 2007