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Sieges, marches, encampments and battles in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands


Siege of Tournai, 1709


Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper | Scale: not stated. 1:9,500 approx. | RCIN 726023

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A map of the siege of Tournai, 28 June-3 September 1709, by the Allied army commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) resulting in the surrender of the French-held town on 28 July and of the citadel on 3 September. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). Oriented with north-east to top (compass rose shows east to top).

The attacks were led by Carl Philipp, Reichsgraf von Wylich und Lottum (1650-1719), supreme commander of the Prussian troops, Lieutenant-General François Nicolaas, Baron von Fagel (1645-1718), and Johann Matthias von der Schulenberg (1661-1747).

This map is unfinished and lacks any names or other writing apart from the title. It shows the town and citadel, and the three attacks. The coverage does not include the lines of circumvallation.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys in crowned shield, a ‘4’ suspending the letters WR below; countermark: IHS [with a cross above the H] IVILLEDARY

    Mark, stamped: 127

    Condition: one fold line; surface dirt along fold on recto and verso. Verso: induced discolouration; brown marks and ink stains; bottom, right of centre: water-stained patch, shadow and ghosting from the removal of Cumberland's cipher label

  • Scale: not stated. 1:9,500 approx. Scale bar: unfinished, no information.

    39.5 x 51.5 cm (image and neatline)

    48.2 x 68.2 cm (sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    A. PLAN. OF. THE. TOWN AND. CITADELLE. OF. TOURNAY: [top right, in rectangular panel]


    George III heading: Tournay 1709.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top centre, black pencil, a succession of three annotations, one above the other, all crossed out in black pencil:] N 4, Lr B, A 110; [top right, black pencil, partly erased:] 75; [bottom, left of centre, black pencil:] 63; [right centre, red pencil:] 63

    George III catalogue entry:

    Tournay A drawn Plan of the Town and Citadel of Tournay with the Attacks of 1709.

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Tournai, Walloon Region, Belgium (50°36'25"N 03°23'21"E)