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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Nicolaes Visscher I (1618-79)

Siege of Aire, 1641

Perfecte afbeeldinge van de Stercke Stat / AYRE ofte ARIEN / Aldus Belegert en verovert door Louys de dertiende, Coning / van Vrancryck ende Navarra in den Iare 1641. // PLAN D’AYRE / avec sez Forts Lignes de... 1641 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges right and bottom | Scale: 1:15,000 approx. | RCIN 723005.a

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A map of Aire, besieged by the French commanded by Charles de la Porte, duc de la Mailleraye (1602-8 February 1664) on 19 May and taken on 26 July 1641. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). Oriented with south-west to top (cardinal points).

The accompanying letterpress text (RCIN 723005.b) gives a daily account of the siege from 17 May to 10 August during the aftermath of the siege in the days leading up to the Spanish counter-attack (see RCIN 723006).

  • Nicolaes Visscher I (1618-79) (publisher) [bottom centre:] CJVisscher excudebat

  • Watermark: Map: none visible. Mount: none.

    Condition: heavy brown discolouration; the mount is made from a re-used Mount Type A; some pressure marks

  • Scale: 1:15,000 approx. Scale bar: 200 Roeden van 2000 in een Mÿle. 200 Verges de 2000 en un Lieu. [49 mm =].

    40.1 x 52.2 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    40.8 x 53.8 cm (remnants of mount on top, right and bottom edges)

  • Printed title:

    Perfecte afbeeldinge van de Stercke Stat / AYRE ofte ARIEN / Aldus Belegert en verovert door Louys de dertiende, Coning / van Vrancryck ende Navarra in den Iare 1641. // PLAN D’AYRE / avec sez Forts Lignes de Circonvalations & / Attaques de la Ville Assiegée par Loys le 13. / Roy de France et Navarre / l’Ann 1641. [top left, in cartouche, in Dutch and French]

    Additional text:

    DECLARATION [top left, in French, a key, A-I, K-S]; VERCLARINGE [top right, the same key in Dutch]

    Inset:

    [bottom left, in cartouche overlooked by two fishermen (a play on the publisher's name Visscher), a small-scale map of part of Flanders and northern France (oriented with south-west to top; cardinal points:] GALLIÆ PARS. Scale: 1:130,500 approx. Scale bar: 3 Duytse Mÿlen [23 mm] =. Size: 10.7 x 13.5 cm (image).

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Aire 19 May – 26 July 1641.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [top right, black pencil:] Aire; [bottom right, black pencil:] 1641. (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Aire Plan d’Ayre avec ses Forts, Lignes de Circonvalation et attaques de la Ville, assiegée par Louis XIII le 19 May et prise le 26 Juillet 1641: chez Visscher avec une Description.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Aire-sur-la-Lys (Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France) 50°38'19"N  02°23'55"E

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3089

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