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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Andrea Salminci (c. 1570- after 1641)

Siege of Castro, 1641

LA CITTÀ DI CASTRO / Come si trouo nel rendersi all’Armi di N.S. / li 14 di Ottobre. 164i 1641 or later

Engraving; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges right and bottom | 34.6 x 48.5 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 723009

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A view of the Farnese town of Castro, besieged on 14 October 1641 by Papal troops commanded by Luigi Mattei, Marquis de Belmonte (d.1675) resulting in the surrender of the town. First War of Castro (1641-1644). Oriented with north-east to top (cardinal points). 

  • Andrea Salminci (c. 1570- after 1641) (engraver) [left, following on from dedication:] Andrea Salminci Intagliat.re

    Luigi Mattei, Marquis of Belmonte (active 1641-75) (dedicatee)

  • Watermark: Map: none visible. Mount: none.

    Condition: six fold lines; pressure marks. Verso: creased; surface dirt

  • 34.6 x 48.5 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    31.3 x 48.5 cm (neatline)

    40.9 x 52.5 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    LA CITTÀ DI CASTRO / Come si trouo nel rendersi all’Armi di N.S. / li 14 di Ottobre. 164i. [top centre, in banner]

    Dedication:

    All' Il.mo et Ecc.mo Sig.r et Prone / Col.mo Il Sig.r Generale / D. LVIGI MATTEI / Marchese di Belmonte … [left, on cartouche surmounted by the coat of arms of the dedicatee]

    Additional text:

    [bottom, below view, a key, 1-32, to prominent buildings in the town, field fortifications, batteries and troops.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Castro taken by the Pope’s Troops commanded by the Marquis di Belmonte 14 October 1641.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, black pencil:] 1641; [top, black pencil, erased: the old heading?]. (Verso) [top right: multiple ink markings].

    George III catalogue entry:

    Castro La Citta di Castro come si trovo nel rendersi all’Armi di N.S. li 14 di Ottobre 1641: da Andrea Saminci.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Castro, Lazio, Italy (42°31ʹ58ʺN  11°38ʹ55ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3095

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