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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Anonymous

Siege of Cengio Alto, 1639

Dissegno dell’ importante passo, e forte Castello del Cencio posto / nelle Langhe, Assediato per ordine dell Ecc..mo Sig. Marchese / di Leganes il 22 Marzo 1639. et resosi alli 31. dell’ istesso 1639 or later

Etching; printed on paper; letterpress text printed on a separate piece of paper; text and view pasted together and then mounted on paper Mount Type B) | 34.2 x 42.5 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 722134

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A high oblique view of the Spanish siege of Cengia, begun on 22 March 1638 and taken on the 31 March by Diego Felipez de Guzmán, 1st Marquis of Leganés (1580-1655), Governor of Milan. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). Oriented with west to top.

The view shows the elevated position of the fortress of Cengia [Cencia], a stronghold governing the mountain passes and the valley of the River Bormido. The road to Monte Zemo Montezemolo (44°22ʹ31ʺN 08°08ʹ25ʺE) is indicated top left, and the other road, to Salicetto (Saliceto 44°24ʹ48ʺN 08°10ʹ07ʺE), numbered 4, forks off from it and runs in the direction of the settlement which is shown numbered 32, top right. The little unnamed settlement to the left, numbered 15, is the town of Millesimo (44°22ʹ01ʺN 08°12ʹ13ʺE), while, to the east of it (bottom left) and numbered 16, is the town of Cosaria (Cosseria 44°22ʹ04ʺN 08°14ʹ05ʺE).

  • Anonymous (printmaker)

  • Watermark: Map: none visible. Text: none. Mount: none

    Condition: five fold lines; brown discolouration; small tear, top right edge. Remains of Mount Type B along left, top and bottom edges; gilt edge to top

  • 34.2 x 42.5 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    12.0 x 42.8 cm (sheet of text)

    50.1 x 35.7 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    Dissegno dell’ importante passo, e forte Castello del Cencio posto / nelle Langhe, Assediato per ordine dell Ecc..mo Sig. Marchese / di Leganes il 22 Marzo 1639. et resosi alli 31. dell’ istesso [top right, in simple cartouche]

    Additional text:

    [below view, letterpress, keys, A-I and 1-32, to the military positions and geographical features.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Cencio 22-21 March 1639.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Cencio Dissegno dell’ importante passo e forte Castello del Cencio posto nelle langhe, assediato per ordine delle E.S. Marchese di Leganes il 22 Marzo 1639 et resosi alli 31 dell’ istesso.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Cengio [Cencio], Liguria, Italy (44°23ʹ04ʺN 08°11ʹ51ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3037

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