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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

Giovanni Orlandi (active 1590-1646)

Siege of Orbetello, 1646 published 1646

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; laid down on paper then mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edge, bottom | 25.4 x 35.8 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 723066

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A high oblique view of the Spanish-held fortress town of Orbetello, besieged between 12 May and 24 July by the French, commanded by Thomas Francis of Savoy, Prince of Carignano (21 December 1596-22 January 1656), who were eventually obliged to lift the siege after the arrival of a Spanish relief army commanded by Gerolamo Maria Caracciolo, Marqués de Torrecuso, and Rodrigo Ponce de León, 4th Duke of Arcos. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). Oriented with west [actually, north-west] to top (compass directions written at the edges of the print).

See also RCINs 723063-5. This shows similar details to RCIN 723065 for which it may have provided the model, or vice versa or, both may have been derived from another print. This print is dated 20 June 1646, just six days after the naval battle on 14 June between the French and Spaniards (see RCIN 723063). This battle is not shown on this print and it is possible that the date is given in new style, equating to 10 June old style.

  • Giovanni Orlandi (active 1590-1646) (publisher) [bottom left, [Gio:] Orlandi formis Con Licenza de Sup.

  • Watermark: Print: a large crown? Backing paper: three circles above each other, cross within top circle, others indistinct. Mount: none.

    Condition: one fold line; surface worn; brown discolouration from paste used in laying the print down on paper; heavy brown discolouration

  • 25.4 x 35.8 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    27.2 x 38.0 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    None

    Dedication:

    [top centre:] Al Illmo Sigre Gio Nicolo Cauana / Gio: Orlandi D.D.D. A li 20 di / Giuguo [sic] 1646.

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Orbitello 1646.

    Other annotations: none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Orbitello A Plan of the Siege of Orbitello in 1646: by Gio. Orlandi, 1646.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Orbetello, Tuscany, Italy (42°26ʹ30ʺN 11°13ʹ17ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3190

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