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Contemporary maps and prints of the major battles and sieges from 1635 to 1658

François Collignon (c.1610-87)

Siege of Orbetello, 1646

ASSEDIA ET PIANTA DI ORBETELLO / con li luoghi principali [in ink:] 1646 Maggio 1646 or later

Etching; printed on paper; mounted on paper (Mount Type B); gilt edges right and bottom | 29.8 x 34.4 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 723064

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A high oblique view of the Spanish-held fortress town of Orbetello, besieged between 12 May and 24 July by the French, commanded by Thomas Francis of Savoy, Prince of Carignano (21 December 1596-22 January 1656), who were eventually obliged to lift the siege after the arrival of a Spanish relief army commanded by Gerolamo Maria Caracciolo, Marqués de Torrecuso, and Rodrigo Ponce de León, 4th Duke of Arcos. Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659).

This print shows similar details to RCIN 723063 (q.v.). According to Monaca, this print was reproduced in volume 5 of Charles de la Roncière's, Histoire de la marine francais, Paris: 1899-1932, 6 vols. The reproduction which appears in Monaca has the 'ASSEDIA' in the title spelled with an 'O': ASSEDIO; it is not possible to see whether or not this is a manuscript change to the printed word.

  • François Collignon (c.1610-87) (engraver and publisher) [bottom right:] apresso francesco Collignon. Sculsit incontro a S.t Thomasso Imperione/ Romæ con licentia de Superiori

  • Watermark: View: a crown with six-pointed star above in circle, the letter ‘R’ below. Mount: None.

    Condition: no fold lines

  • 29.8 x 34.4 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    40.3 x 52.0 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    ASSEDIA ET PIANTA DI ORBETELLO / con li luoghi principali [in ink:] 1646 Maggio [bottom right, in rectangular panel with key]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, following on from title, in three columns, a key, A-I, K-T, V, X-Z, 2-10.]

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Orbitello May 1646.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [following title, in brown ink, in a ?contemporary hand:] 1646 Maggio. [top right, black pencil, erased:] Orbitello. (Verso) none.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Orbitello Assedia et Pianta di Orbetello con li Luoghi principali 1646, Maggio: apresso F. Collignon.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Orbetello, Tuscany, Italy (42°26ʹ30ʺN 11°13ʹ17ʺE)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    G. Della Monaca, 1646 Orbetello L’assedio memorabile storia, personaggi, cartografia, letteratura, Rome 2013, p. 245, plate VI

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 3188

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