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Maps and prints of naval engagements collected by George III

Robert Dodd (1748-1815)

Gibraltar and Trafalgar, 1801 published 12 Jan 1803

Aquatint with engraving and etching; printed on paper; laid down on paper, the paper backing brought round the edges of the recto | 48.9 x 71.0 cm (image) | RCIN 735100

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A view of the second naval Battle of Algeciras, fought at night in the Strait of Gibraltar, on 12 July 1801 in which the British, commanded by Rear Admiral Saumarez, defeated the Franco-Spanish fleet. French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802): Anglo-Spanish War (1798-1802).

Having been repulsed during the First Battle of Algeciras Bay on 6 July, Rear Admiral James Saumarez (1757-1836; 1st Baron Saumarez), in the night time action shown in this view, with the three British ships CaesarVenerable, and Superb in the middle and right foreground, captured Spanish ship San Antonio, having caused the Real Carlos and San Hermenegildo to sink each other in the conflagration which can be seen in the background. There were no British losses and Saumarez was made Knight of the Bath.

  • Robert Dodd (1748-1815) (publisher) [bottom centre, below dedication:] London, Published January 12 -1803, by R. Dodd, 41. Charing Cross, six Doors from the Admiralty.

    James Saumarez (1757-1836) (dedicatee)

  • Watermark: None visible on print; backing paper: J WHATMAN / 1801

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: surface dirt

  • 44.6 x 71.0 cm (neatline)

    48.9 x 71.0 cm (image)

    52.0 x 76.5 cm (platemark)

    53.8 x 78.3 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    CAPE TRAFALGAR. [bottom centre, below view]

    Dedication:

    [bottom, below title:] This View of the CÆSAR, VENERABLE and SUPERB, Defeating the Combined French and Spanish Fleet on the Night of the 12,, July 1801, when the SAN ANTONIO of 74 Guns, was Captured the REAL CARLOS and SAN HERMENEGILDO of 112 Guns, each were burn'd. / is most respectfully Inscribed to Sir James Saumarez, Bar,t and the Officers of the Squadron, by their Ob,,t Serv.t / Rob,,t Dodd.

    Annotations:

    (Recto) [bottom left, black pencil:] XV-100; [bottom left, black pencil:] 24. (Verso) [bottom left, black pencil:] 157.b; [bottom right, black pencil, obscured by paper backing:] 15f.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Naval Engagement Cape Trafalgar. View of the Caesar, Venerable and Superb defeating the combined French and Spanish Fleet on the night of the 12.th of July 1801; when the San Antonio was captured and the Real Carlos and San Hermenegildo burnt: by R. Dodd, 1803. [The same entry occurs under the heading Trafalgar.]

  • From the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Bay of Gibraltar) 36°09'00"N 05°26'00"W,

    Cabo Trafalgar, Andalusia, Spain (36°10'51"N 06°02'01"W)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    H. Parker, Naval battles from the collection of prints formed and owned by Commander Sir Charles Leopold Cust,  With an introduction by C.N. Robinson, London, 1911, no.157.b

    A.B. Sainsbury, 'Saumarez, James, first Baron de Saumarez (1757–1836)', Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, 2004; online edition 2008.

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