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Maps, views and diagrams of military reviews and encampments

Anonymous

Encampment at Villiers, 1753

PLAN du CAMP de VILLIERS pres la / Ville de Mezieres sur la Meuse commande / par Mr Le Marquis de Brezè et sous ses / Ordres Mr de Ponchartin Lieut:t General. et Le / Chev:r de Drue Marechal de Camp. [1753.] c.1753

Pencil, pen, ink and watercolour on paper; laid down on linen | Scale: 1:15,200 approx. | RCIN 731051.a

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A map of a French encampment, under the command of the Marquis de Brezé, at Villers-Semeuse, September 1753. Oriented with north-west to top (cardinal points).

The relative relief of the area has been portrayed by brownish-grey brush strokes, the steeper slopes being shown in a darker colour. Cultivated land is shown by groups of parallel brown lines at different angles to each other to suggest ploughed land; rough or heathland and marshy areas are also shown.

The headquarters was in the Chateau de Viliers; outposts, and their detachments together with the number of men in each, are marked. The encamped regiments are: Du Roi, Cravates, Moutier, Belsunce, Royal Vaisseaux, La Couronne, Dauphin, Dessales, Cuirassiers.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: None visible

    Mark, stamped: 767

    Condition: no fold lines. Verso: some foxing

  • Scale: 1:15,200 approx. Scale bar: 600 Toises [77 mm =].

    33.5 x 48.7 cm (neatline)

    34.5 x 49.5 cm (image and sheet)

  • Manuscript title:

    PLAN du CAMP de VILLIERS pres la / Ville de Mezieres sur la Meuse commande / par Mr Le Marquis de Brezè et sous ses / Ordres Mr de Ponchartin Lieut:t General. et Le / Chev:r de Drue Marechal de Camp. [1753.] [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Additional text:

    [top right, following on from title:] Ce Camp / ayant commencé Le 1er de Sepre 1753 a duré jusqu / au fin de Mois. Il etoit composé de dix Bataillons / d'Infanterie et dix Escadrons de Cavalerie / L'Infanterie dans le plan est marquée Jaune. / la Cavalerie blue [followed by an explanation of the letters on the map].

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Villiers 1-30 Sept.r 1753.

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [top right, black pencil:] 1753. [bottom right, red pencil:]12/50.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Encampment Plan dessiné du Camp de Villiers pres de Mezieres sur la Meuse commandé par le Marquis de Brezé, depuis le 1 jusqu’au 30 Sept.re 1753. [The same entry appears under the heading Villiers.]

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Villers-Semeuse, Champagne-Ardenne, France (49°44'31"N 04°44'49"E)

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