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Maps, views and diagrams of military reviews and encampments

Anonymous

Zeithain and Mühlberg, 1730 1730 or later

Etching and engraving; printed on paper; hand-coloured | Scale: 1:16,600 approx. [based on Schritte.] | RCIN 727036

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A map showing the Saxon army drawn up in order of battle at the Zeithainer Lustlager (the location is sometimes described as at Mühlberg, which lies to the north-west of Zeithain), promoted by Frederick Augustus I (1670-1733), Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (as Augustus II) in order to display the prowess of his newly reorganised army, from 30 May to 28 June 1730. Oriented with north-west to top.

The map is unfinished; a mainly blank cartouche, bottom right, representing a trompe l'oeil scroll, contains the scale bars. The local road network, fluvial and water features, and the layout of the surrounding villages are shown in detail. The principal routes are annotated with their destinations.

The order of battle shows 27 battalions of infantry and 48 squadrons of horse, with the names of the units. The Pavillion, in which sat the King of Poland and visitors, in the centre of the exercise area, was on a line with two pyramids, one placed at each of the west and east ends.

The area covered by the map extends approximately from Gorisch (now the Gohrischheide) in the north-west to Tiefenau (51°23ʹ24ʺN 13°23ʹ48ʺE) in the north-east, and Streumen (51°21ʹ24ʺN 13°24ʹ13ʺE) in the east, and from Grobe (Gröba 51°19ʹ19ʺN 13°16ʹ46ʺE) in the south-west to Glaubitz (51°19ʹ30ʺN 13°22ʹ41ʺE) in the south-east.

  • Anonymous (cartographer)

  • Watermark: The letters PvL

    Mark, stamped: 235

    Condition: two fold lines; left, small hole, above ‘Bromnitz’. Verso: induced discolouration; surface dirt along left and right edges

  • Scale: 1:16,600 approx. [based on Schritte.] Scale bars: [96 mm =] 2000 Schritt; [72 mm =] 2000 Ellen; [67 mm =] 400 Rh: Ruth.

    54.4 x 83.7 cm (neatline)

    54.8 x 84.1 cm (image)

    cropped (platemark)

    55.0 x 85.0 cm (sheet)

  • Printed title:

    No title

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Encampment at Zeithayn 1730.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [the groupings of the battalions and squadrons into brigades and the names of the regiments have been drawn by hand in ink.] (Verso) [right, red pencil:] Saxony.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Zeithain Plan du Campement des Troupes Saxonnes du Roy de Pologne a Zeithayn en 1730.

  • Probably from the collection of military and naval maps and prints formed by Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65), third son of George II; subsequently acquired by George III (1738-1820)

  • Subject(s)

    Zeithain, Saxony, Germany (51°20ʹ01ʺN 13°20ʹ17ʺE)

    Mühlberg, Brandenburg, Germany (51°26ʹ04ʺN 13°13ʹ18ʺE)

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