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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Claes Jansz Visscher II (c.1587-1652)

Olinda, 1630

DE STAT OLINDA DE PHARNAMBUCO, VEROVERT BY DEN E. GENERAEL HENDRICK C. LONCK, Anno 1630 1630 or later

Etching and engraving; printed from two copperplates on two sheets of paper, then joined; title printed from three woodblocks on three pieces of paper, joined; title and view pasted together; the whole mounted on paper (Mount Type A) | 19.8 x 92.0 cm (image and sheet) | RCIN 722052

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Hendrick Corneliszoon Lonck (1568-10 October 1634), with a fleet of 52 ships of the Dutch West India Company, captured the Portuguese port of Olinda on the coast of Brasil on 14 February 1630. Dutch Portuguese War (1602-1663).

This action, which was followed by the capture of the state of Pernambuco, was a part of the Dutch-Portuguese War called the Sugar War whereby the Dutch acquired the sugar trade from the Portuguese in this region. The Dutch-Portuguese war was itself an extension of the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) since the Portuguese were joined to Spain in a dynastic union between 1580 and 1640.

See also the Notes to RCIN 722051.a. Another example of this print, with the woodcut title, and letterpress text (see RCINs 722051.b and c), pasted below this view is in the Rijksmuseum, RP-P-OB-78.197.

  • Claes Jansz Visscher II (c.1587-1652) (publisher)

  • Watermark: Fleur-de-lys

    Condition: five fold lines; mount cropped

  • 19.8 x 92.0 cm (image and sheet)

    cropped (platemark)

    cropped (mount)

  • Printed title:

    DE STAT OLINDA DE PHARNAMBUCO, VEROVERT BY DEN E. GENERAEL HENDRICK C. LONCK, Anno 1630. [woodcut title, across top of view]

    Printed title:

    OLINDA DE PHERNAMBUCO / Aldus na ‘t Leven op de Rede afgeteyckent anno 1630. [engraved title, top centre of view]

    Additional text:

    [bottom right, two figures holding a cloth which contains a key, 1-14, to the geographical features and points of action in the view:] Verklaringhe des Cyfergetalen

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Olinda de Pernambuco Feb.y 1630

    Other annotations: (Recto) none. (Verso) [left of centre, ink [Cassiano?]:] E2; [right of centre, ink [Cassiano?]:] E3.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Olinda de Pernambuco De Stat Olinda de Pharnambuco verovert by den E. Generael Hendrick C. Lonck, anno 1630. 2 tab.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil (08°00ʹ32ʺS 34°51ʹ19ʺW)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2921

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