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Printed and manuscript maps, prints and views of 22 seventeenth-century wars

Anonymous

Olinda, 1630

FERNAMBVCO 1630 or later

Etched and engraved view, printed on paper, with letterpress text pasted to the bottom edge; mounted on paper (Mount Type A); gilt edges, left, bottom and right | 23.5 x 37.4 cm (image and sheet of whole object) | RCIN 722053

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Hendrick Corneliszoon Lonck (1568-10 October 1634), with a fleet of 52 ships of the Dutch West India Company, captured the Portuguese port of Olinda on the coast of Brasil on 14 February 1630. Dutch Portuguese War (1602-1663).

This action, which was followed by the capture of the state of Pernambuco, was a part of the Dutch-Portuguese War called the Sugar War whereby the Dutch acquired the sugar trade from the Portuguese in this region. The Dutch-Portuguese war was itself an extension of the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) since the Portuguese were joined to Spain in a dynastic union between 1580 and 1640.

This may be a copy of a very similar print by Frans Hogenberg, entitled 'FERNABVCO' [1630-1632]; it is in an untitled, bound collection of prints by the Hogenberg workshop; see Rijksmuseum RP-P-OB-78.785-405.

  • Anonymous (printmaker)

  • Watermark: Cropped, indistinct

    Condition: six fold lines; formerly folded to 7.1 x 10.6 cm; creased; some brown discolouration; one fold line to the mount which does not coincide with any of the folds on the print; some brown staining; 10 mm tear to top left corner; surface dirt along left and right edges on recto and verso; pressure marks from the mounts of items which were kept above and below this print in a different collection are present on the recto and verso

  • 23.5 x 37.4 cm (image and sheet of whole object)

    13.2 x 37.0 cm (image and sheet of view)

    cropped (platemark)

    10.3 x 37.4 cm (sheet of text)

    40.3 x 54.7 cm (mount)

  • Printed title:

    FERNAMBVCO [top right, in rectangular panel]

    Printed title:

    Fernambuch Città principale nel Regno del Brasil asquistato dalli Signori Stati delli Paesi Bassi l’Anno 1630, adi 2. di Marzo. [below view]

    Additional text:

    [below view, a letterpress key, 1-33, to the geographical features and points of action in the view; bottom right, at end of key:] Qui mirate Spettatori la chiarezza di questa carta, qual / ui darà insieme maggior lume della Città, & del sito / del paese 

    Annotations:

    George III heading: Olinda de Pernambuco Feb.y 1630.

    Other annotations: (Recto) [bottom right, black pencil:] 1630. (Verso) [top left, on mount, black pencil:] II/47; [left of centre, on map, black pencil:] II/47 [and, red pencil:] 1/177.

    George III catalogue entry:

    Olinda de Pernambuco Fernambuch Citta principale nel Regno del Brasil acquistato dalli Signori Stati delli Paesi Bassi l’anno 1630 adi 2 di Marzo.

  • From the collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-22 October 1657); inherited by his brother, Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo (1606-1689); sold by Carlo Antonio’s grandson to Clement XI, 1703; acquired by Cardinal Alessandro Albani by 1714, from whom purchased by George III in 1762

  • Subject(s)

    Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil (08°00ʹ32ʺS 34°51ʹ19ʺW)

  • Bibliographic reference(s)

    M. McDonald, The Print Collection of Cassiano dal Pozzo. Part II, Architecture, Topography and Military Maps, 3 vols, London 2019, cat. no. 2922

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